The erstwhile princely State of Tripura merged with the Indian Union after
independence on the 15th October, 1949 and became a Union Territory without
legislature with effect from November 1, 1956 and a popular ministry was
installed in Tripura on July 1, 1963. Tripura became a full-fledged State
on the 21st January, 1972. At present, the State has 8 districts,
23 sub-divisions, 58 blocks and also one Tribal Areas Autonomous
District Council (TTAADC). The TTAADC was set up in 1982 under
the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution, which was then brought
under the Sixth Schedule in 1985. The TTAADC covers about 2/3rd of
the total area (68.10% of the territory) of the State.
It covers all the eight districts and has 1/3rd population of the State.
Tripura is the 3rd smallest State of India located in
the North Eastern Region; Tripura has diverse range of topography,
people, flora and fauna. Tripura is a landlocked hilly
state in northeastern India with altitudes varying from
15 to 940 m above sea level, though the majority of the
population lives in the plains. Tripura has a tropical
climate and receives considerable rainfall during the monsoons.
It is surrounded on the north, west, and south by Bangladesh
and is accessible to the rest of India through the Karimganj
district of Assam and Aizwal district of Mizoram in the east.
The length of its international border with Bangladesh is 856
km (84 per cent of its total border) while it shares a 53 km
border with Assam and a 109 km border with Mizoram.The state
extends between 22°56'N and 24°32'N and 90°09'E and 92°10'E.
Its maximum stretch measures about 184 km (114 mi) from north
to south and 113 km (70 mi) from east to west with an area of
10,491.69 sq km.