Tring - A Date with History
JISHNU DEV VARMA
December 22, 2022, 11:37:35
A happy Tring to all May Ma
Bless us all.
When Jujar Fa, ascended the throne
in Tripura in 590 A.D he extended the boundaries of his kingdom defeating the
ruler of Chittagong Hill Tracts (now in Bangladesh) and made Rangamati (the
earlier name of Udaipur the old capital; now in the south of Tripura).
Rangamati, which was later called Udaipur after Udai Manikya (1566 -1572 AD),
remained the capital of Tripura except for short periods when it was shifted
only to be brought back. It was only during the reign of Krishna Kishore
Manikya (1830-1849 A.D.) that the capital was shifted to Agartala (the present
capital of Tripura).
Jajur Fa was said to have
introduced the Tripura Era, which dates back from 590 A.D and named his kingdom
after his forefather Tripur.
The Tripura Era was also called
“Tring’ and was counted from the date of his ascension to the throne. The
dialect of the indigenous people of the kingdom did not have a script so later
on, whatever language became popular in the Indian mainland and neighbouring
Bengal became the official language of the kingdom. The Tripura Era (Tring)
however never lost its importance and was used throughout in all official
documents and historical records. For example, in the pre-muslim period
Sanskrit was the link language of India and Tripura too used it as its official
language but the date used was always that of the Tripura Era. Later on, after
the Muslim conquest of India; Persian became the official language and Hizri
the official calendar, although Persian replaced Sanskrit in Tripura, Tring
continued to be used instead of Hizri.
When the British took over the
reins of power from the Mughals; the Christian era became popular but Tripura
did not adopt this, it preferred to use its own. The Tripura Era (Tring) was
used on all official documents, judicial and non-judicial stamp papers as late
as 1971. Its usage was done away with when Tripura became a full-fledged state
of the Indian Union in 1972 from a Union Territory. Therefore, Tring was used
from 590 AD to 1971 AD that was for 1380 years; to document the history of
Tripura. This in itself highlighted the importance of ‘Tring’.
Eras like Sakabda and Vikramsambat
were followed all over India but they were not state specific; while Bangabdha
was never the official era of Bengal it was mostly confined to astrological
almanacs. On the other hand, eras like
Gaurangabdha and Sankarabdha were
religious eras that came and went with time. Therefore, Tripura Era (Tring) was
perhaps the only era that was officially and continuously used for such a long
span of time by a state. There is now resurgence amongst the indigenous youth
to celebrate Tring . Nowadays on 22nd
December festivities are held all over the state to welcome Tring.
(The views expressed here are personal and
solely that of the author. In no way do these pertain to any political or other
organisations he is associated with.) (Tripurainfo)