TRIPURAINFO

Suicide: An Indian perspective

Rahul Sengupta

NE witnesses spurt in suicide; Tripura Rank Top among the seven sister's states suicides death rates.

Tripura ranks top in suicide cases while Meghalaya comes third among the states of the Northeast with a smaller population. Tripura topping the list with 703 reported cases, statistics from (NCRB) reveal   that 1,35,585 people died of suicide in India.(2011)

About 800,000 people commit suicide worldwide every year, of these 135,000 (17%) are residents of  India, a nation with 17.5% of world population. The Indian government has been criticized by the media for its mental health care system, which is linked to the high suicide rate.

Tripura topssuicide rateamong small states inNE in 2013.Meghalaya ranks third in suicide cases among N-E states. The NCRB has recorded from the year 2001 to 2012 suicide rate of the sister states to be 12801 (5%) in number and the developed status, being in much better economic conditions and leading a better lifestyle, accounting to 251628 (95%) on the whole.

CM report on suicide's

According to the chief minister, in last three years, 2,130 people had committed suicide in the state.

In the first two-and-a-half months of the current year, 150 people have committed suicide. (2016-2018)

"There are no farmers in the list of suicides and 760 of the total number of people who committed suicide over the past three years are women," Sarkar said in his reply.

Recent case of suicide in Tripura

Recently the Student attempts suicide after teachers force him to tie rakhi to 'lover'; parents sue Principal, two others in (Agartala)Tripura.

Earlier Teen Accused of Shoplifting Allegedly Expelled from School, Found Hanging; Class 12 tribal girl was found hanging from the ceiling fan in her room, she was allegedly harassed by mall staff for stealing it was the Second most suicide case front in NE media Tripura.

Regional trends

The Northeastern states Tripura, Mizoram and the eastern stateWest Bengal along with states of the southern states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, have a suicide rate of greater than 16 while it is less than 4 in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The male to female suicide ratio has been about 2:1.

The north eastern states are still considered to be the less developed states in the country. The states are a hub of the tribes all over the nation. Partly the result of a social, political and physical isolation these sister states are away from most of the stress and trauma that is experienced by the outside population but still there are many factors which shadow their life in the areas.

DYNAMICS

Domestic violence in India

Domestic violence is a major risk factor for suicide in a case study performed in Bangalore. However, as a fraction of total suicides, violence against women - such as domestic violence, rape, incest and dowry - accounted for less than 4% of total suicides.

Top Causes

A reports says top 10 causes or correlates of suicide in India from 2001-2012. They are dowry dispute, drug abuse addiction, illegitimate pregnancy, poverty, insanity/mental illness, total illness including STDs, physical abuse, unemployment and failure in examination.

Suicide motivated by politics, suicides motivated by ideology doubled from 2006-2008.Suicide motivated by mental illness.



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