Environmental Change and Its Impact on Agriculture in Tripura

Kiran Bhowmik

Environment is an important and necessary thing for agriculture because the agricultural production depends on natural environment and the production in agricultural sector related with economic development of the sate Tripura and our country India too. 

Economy of Tripura is basically agrarian and characterized by high rate of poverty, low per-capita income, low capital formation, inadequate infrastructural facilities, geographical isolation and more than 42 per cent of its population now directly depends on agriculture & allied activities.

The Agriculture Department, Government of Tripura informed it in the official report that the state Tripura is primarily an agrarian economy. More than 42% of population of the state now directly depends on agriculture & allied activities and its contribution to the GSDP is about 27% in 2014-15. Small and marginal farmers constitute about 96% of the total farmers in the state against 78%, that of country. Agriculture and allied activities are still the backbone of the State's economy as well as the state Tripura.

Global warming and climate change is a relevant issue throughout the world, but it affects mostly the mountain regions as mountains are mostly fragile environment in earth. These changes will impact on everything from the natural landscape to human health, built infrastructure, and socioeconomic conditions. The global community is currently trying to understand the nexus between climate change and mountain vulnerability, especially in the most remote areas. There are eight sisters of north-eastern states viz; Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, hilly states of Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura affected in terms of ecological security and livelihood status especially for vulnerable sections. The climate change plays a crucial role in providing forest cover; feeding perennial rivers that are the source of drinking water, irrigation, and hydropower; conserving biodiversity; providing a rich base for high-value agriculture, and spectacular landscapes for sustainable tourism. 

Although Tripura has the highest percentage under marginal farmers, low per capita income, low percentage area under forests and crop insurance, it has the highest road density, lowest area under slope greater than 30%, highest MGNREGA participation and lowest yield variability in comparison to other states. The changing and variable climate, such constraints are likely to add to the vulnerability of Himalayan communities. 

Therefore, it is vital to conduct vulnerability assessment for communities. Vulnerability assessment can help in the identification of the drivers of vulnerability, and assist in designing adaptation interventions specific to the area.
Sources: I. Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, GOI
II. ECONOMIC REVIEW  OF  TRIPURA, Directorate of Economics & Statistics Planning (Statistics) Department Government of Tripura, Agartala

III. State Fcus Paper 2019-20, Published By: NABARD, Tripura Regional Office, Agartala

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