About Tripura

History and Geography

Tripura, located on the extreme corner of the Indian subcontinent, Tripura has Bangladesh as its border on its north, west and south. Assam and Mizoram border the eastern part of the state. Tripura was always a princely state ruled by a Maharaja until the time of independence and never came under British supervision. This meant that it did not become ‘fashionable’ as a winter resort like Shillong (in Meghalaya) and Shimla (in Himachal Pradesh) became. Yet, this tiny state - the smallest in terms of area, claim to a variety of attractions in terms of archeological importance, religious significance, folk and tribal culture and ethnic artifacts.

Tripura is one of the seven states in the north eastern part of India located between 22 degree and 56 minutes and 24 degree and 32 minutes north latitude and between 90 degree and 09 minutes and 92 degree and 20 minutes east latitude. It is bounded on the north, west, south and south-east by Bangladesh whereas in the east it has a common boundary with Assam and Mizoram. Tripura’s physical feature differs from the north to south. It is a land of high hills, hillocks, and interspersed with river valleys. On its north, it has four valleys that have been separated by hills with heights of about 1,000 meters. On its south, it has open forested land spread over a wide range of area. The climate of the state is hot in summers and cold in winters with the temperatures ranging from 35°C to 10°C. Tripura receives an average rainfall of 2,100 mm. Due to the sufficient and well-distributed rainfall, the state has an ideal composition of land mass and water that houses a large variety of flora and fauna here. A wide variety of plant and orchid species are found in the forests of Tripura. Sal (Shorea robusta) is an important product of the forests here.

Geographical Data

Population Density

305.8/km² (2011 census)


10,492 km²

State Boundaries

Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya and ASSAm

International Boundary


Geographic Coordinates

Latitude : 23.8400° N, 91.2800° E

Time zone


Forest Cover

59.98 %

At a Glance

National parks

Clouded Leopard National Park,Rajbari National Park

Wildlife Sanctuaries

Gumti  Wildlife Sanctuary,Rowa  Wildlife Sanctuary,Sepahijala  Wildlife Sanctuary,Trishna  Wildlife Sanctuary

State Bird

Green imperial pigeon

State Animal

Phayre's Langur

State Flower


State Tree


Major Towns


No. of Districts


Major crops

Rice, Maize, Wheat, Jute, Cotton, Sugar cane,Arecanut, Coconut

Major plantations

Tea, Rubber

Major Fruits, vegetables & spices

Banana, Pineapple, Orange, Potato, Sweet potato, Papaya

Major minerals

Coal, Limestone, Petroleum, Granite, Sillimanite, Iron ore, Quartzite, Feldspar,Clay





4, Digboi, Noonmati,Dhaligaon near Bongaigaon,Numaligarh


1,Tripura University

Engineering Colleges

2,National Institute of Technology & Tripura Institute of Technology

Medical Colleges

2, Agartala Government Medical College, Tripura Medical College

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