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About Meghalaya


History and Geography
Cheerapunji Meghalaya was created as an autonomous state within the state of Assam on 2 April, 1970. The full-fledged State of Meghalaya came into existence on 21 January, 1972. It is bound on the north and east by Assam, and on the south and west by Bangladesh. Meghalaya, literally meaning the abode of clouds, is essentially a hilly state. It is predominantly inhabited by the Khasis, the Jaintias, and the Garo tribal communities. The Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, which form the central and eastern part of Meghalaya, is an imposing plateau with rolling grasslands, hills and river valleys. The southern face of the plateau is marked by deep gorges and abrupt slopes, at the foot of which, a narrow strip of plain land runs along the international border with Bangladesh.

At a Glance

Establishment

21st January, 1972

Area

22,429 Sq. Km.

Capital

Shillong

Population

29,64,0047(as per census 2011)

Male population

1,492,668

Female population

1,471,339

Total Child Population (0-6 Age)

555,822

Male Population (0-6 Age)

282,189

Female Population (0-6 Age)

273,633

Density (per Sq Km)

132

Sex Ratio

986

Child Sex Ratio

970

Total Literate

1,817,761

Male Literate

934,091

Female Literate

883,670

Average Literacy Rate

75.48%

Male Literacy Rate

77.17%

Female Literacy Rate

73.78%

No. of District

7

No. of Sub-Division

8

No. of Blocks

39

No. of Villages

6839

No. of Towns

22

Gram Sevak Circles

15 in each block

Municipal Boards

6

Cantonment Board

1

State Bird

Hill Myna

State Animal

Clouded Leopard

State Flower

Lady Slipper Orchid

State Tree

Gamar

Forest Area

8,510 Sq. Km

Average Rainfall

1200 cm per annum

Highest Point

Shillong Peak (1965 m)

Name of the Districts

(07) East Garo Hills, East Khasi Hills,Jaintia Hills, Ri-Bhoi, South Garo Hills,West Garo Hills, West Khasi Hills.

Major Towns

Shillong, Jowai, Nongpoh, Tura,

William Nagar, Baghmara, Nongstoin

Major crops

Rice, Maize, Jute, Rape seed, Mustard

Major plantations

Rubber, Coffee

Major Fruits,vegetables & spices

Banana, Pineapple, Guava, Jackfruit,Cashew, Tomato, Brinjal, Potato, Sweetpotato, Chilli, Cabbage, Turmeric,Ginger, Tapioca, Pear

Major minerals

Coal, Limestone, Petroleum, Granite,Sillimanite, Iron ore, Clay, Quartzite,Feldspar

Airports

Umroi (Shillong)




Meghalaya Population Sex Ratio in Meghalaya Literacy rate data - Census2011

Description

Rural

Urban

Population (%)

79.92%

20.08%

Total Population

2,368,971

595,036

Male Population

1,194,757

297,911

Female Population

1,174,214

297,125

Population Growth

27.04%

31.03%

Sex Ratio

983

997

Child Sex Ratio (0-6)

972

957

Child Population (0-6)

477,560

78,262

Child Percentage (0-6)

20.16%

13.15%

Literates

1,345,805

471,956

Average Literacy

71.15%

91.33%

Male Literacy

72.83%

93.17%

Female Literacy

69.45%

89.49%


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