Manipur has population of two groups, the people who inhabit the hills called the Nagas and those who inhabit the valley called the Meiteis. The hills are also inhabited by the group called the Kukis. Imphal is the political capital of Manipur. The earliest recorded history dates to 900 AD. In the course of its history there have been several invasions from Myanmar (Burma), which borders with Manipur and numerous clashes with the Nagas.

In 1826, Manipur was brought into India by the treaty of Yandavo by Raja Jai Singh with the British at the end of the Indo-Burmese war. This followed a dispute in accession to the throne. With the intervention of the British the dispute was settled.

In 1891 Churachand was nominated the Raja and it came under British rule as a princely state. During World War II Imphal was occupied by the Japanese. After Indian independence Manipur became a Union Territory and subsequently achieved statehood in January 21,1972.


Manipur literally meaning "A jeweled land" nestle deep within a lush green corner of North East India. It seems much like an exquisite work of art executed by superb hands of Nature and is indeed a state of exquisite natural beauty and splendors, the beauty of which once inspired Mrs. St. Clair Grimwood described it as " A Pretty Place more beautiful than many show places of the world" Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru paid a fitting tribute by describing it as "Jewel of India".

Surrounded by blue hills with an oval shaped valley at the centre, rich in art and tradition and surcharged with nature’s pristine glory. Manipur lies on a melting pot of culture. It is birth place of Polo. This is the place where Rajashree Bhagyachandra created the famous Ras Lila, the classical dance of Manipur, out of his enchanting dream by the grace of Lord Krishna. Her folk dances reveal the mythological concept of creation of Manipur.

The people of Manipur include Meitei, Naga, Kuki, Meitei Pangal and other colourful communities which have lived together in complete harmony for centuries. These are the people whose folklore, myths & legends, dances, indigenous games and martial arts, exotic handlooms & handicrafts are infested with the mystique of nature. The wonders has no end in Manipur.

Capital : Imphal
Date of Attaining Statehood : 21st January, 1972
Population (Census 2011) : 27,21,756
Area : 22327
Districts : 9
Official Language : Meiteilon (Manipuri)
Other Languages/Dialects : Meiteilon (Manipuri) Other Languages/Dialects 29 different dialects are also in wide usage. 5 of them (in addition to Meiteilon which is taught upto post graduate level) are recognized as medium of instruction in schools upto V. These are: Tangkhul, Hmar, Paite, Lushai, Thadou/Kuki
Population Composition : Decadal Population Growth Rate (2001- 2011, Census 2011) 18.65%
Population Density (persons per sq km as per census 2011) 2001
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) 2001
Literacy 2001
ST population% (Census 2001) (from website of M/o Tribal Affairs) 38.96 (estimated)
SC population % (Census 2001) (from website of M/o SJ&E) 2.8
Forest Cover : India State of Forest Report 2011
Seats in Legislative Assembly : 60
Seats in Lok Sabha : 2 (1 Inner Manipur, 2 Outer Manipur (ST)
Seats in Rajya Sabha : 1
Governor : Najma Heptulla
Chief Minister : Shri N. Biren Singh
State Portal :
Brief Intro from
State bird : Pheasant
State animal : Sangai
State tree : Indian Mahogany (Toona ciliate)
State flower : Lily