TRIPURAINFO










HISTORY

There are practically no records relating to the earlier history of this area except some oral literature and the number of historical ruins found mainly in the foot hills dating approximately from the early Christian Era.
In 1826, the British exercised their control in Assam after the treaty of Yandaboo concluded on 24th February 1826. Before 1962, Arunachal was popularly called North Eastern Frontier Agency and was constitutionally a part of Assam. It was administered by the Ministry of External Affairs until 1965 and subsequently by the Ministry of Home Affairs through the Governor of Assam. In 1972, it was constituted as a Union Territory and renamed Arunachal Pradesh. On 20th February in 1987, it became the 24th state of the Indian Union.

Arunachal Pradesh is inhabited by people of tribal origin. These groups had distinct culture. In the16th century the Ahom Kings influenced the region. The population were of Tibeto-Burmese linguistic origin. The tribe consisted of the Daflas, Bangnis, the Monpas and they were influenced by Buddhist ideals. The Miri along with the Daflas and Tagin lived in the hills. The Apatanis were believed to be more advanced. They were agriculturists. Besides this the Abor who called themselves as Adi lived in the valley of Arunachal Pradesh. Besides them the Membas, Ramos and Boris formed minor groups. The Mishmis exists as Idus, Taraons, and Kamans. They excelled in handicrafts. Today tourism forms an important source of revenue for the state economy.


The mishmis exists as Idus,Taraons, and kamans.They excelled in handicrafts.Today tourism forms an important source of revenue for the state economy.

STATE PROFILE

Before 1962, the area was popularly known as the NEFA, and was constitutionally a part of Assam. Because of its strategic importance, however, it was administered by the Ministry of External Affairs until 1965, and subsequently by the Ministry of Home Affairs, through the Governor of Assam. In 1972, it was constituted as a Union Territory and renamed Arunachal Pradesh. On 20 February 1987, it became the 24th state of the Indian Union.

It is situated in the North-Eastern part of India with 83743 sq. kms area and has a long international border with Bhutan to the west (160 km), China to the north and north-east (1,080 km) and Myanmar to the east (440 km). It stretches from snow-capped mountains in the north to the plains of Brahmaputra valley in the south. Arunachal is the largest state area-wise in the north-east region, even larger than Assam which is the most populous.

It is situated between latitude 26° 30' N and 29° 30 ' N and longitude 91° 30' E and 97° 30' E. Itanagar is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh and located at an altitude of 530 meters above MSL. It is named after Itafort meaning fort of bricks built in 14th century A.D.


Capital : Itanagar
Date of Attaining Statehood : 20 February, 1987
Population (Census 2011) : 13,82,611
Area : 83743 sq. km
Districts : 16
Official Language : English
Other Languages/Dialects : He number and diversity of languages/dialects spoken in Arunachal Pradesh are not conclusively known. 30, possibly 50, distinct languages/dialects in addition to innumerable dialects and sub-dialects coinciding with tribal areas are in use. Some of them are Nyishi, Dafla, Miji, Adi, Gallong, Wancho, Tagin, Hill Miri, Mishui, Mohpa, Nocte, Aka, Tangsa, Khamti. Vast majority of them belong to the Tibeto - Burman language family. Hindi is making constant inroads. Nagamese is fairly widely used as a link language in some areas.
Population Composition : Decadal Population Growth Rate (2001- 2011, Census 2011) 284643
(25.92%)
Population Density (persons per sq km as per census 2011) 2001
2011
13
17
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) 2001
2011
893
920
Literacy 2001
2011
54.34
66.95
ST population% (Census 2001) (from website of M/o Tribal Affairs) 64.63
SC population % (Census 2001) (from website of M/o SJ&E) 0.6
Forest Cover : India State of Forest Report 2011
Seats in Legislative Assembly : 60
Seats in Lok Sabha : 2 (1 Arunachal West, 2 Arunachal East)
Seats in Rajya Sabha : 1
Governor : Jyoti Prasad Rajkhowa
Chief Minister : Kalikho Pul
State Portal : http://arunachalpradesh.nic.in/
Brief Intro from
www.india.gov.in
: http://www.india.gov.in/knowindia/state_uts.php?id=3
State bird : Hornbill
State animal : Mithun (Bos Frontails)
State tree : Hollong
State flower : Rynchostylis Retusa