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Assam Festivals



Bihu Bihu is the most important festival of Assam. It is celebrated with joy and abundance by all Assamese people irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith and belief. Three Bihus are celebrated in a year: Bohag Bihu which augurs the wish for a good harvest because this is the time when farmers start sowing, Kaati Bihu which is observed to mark the cutting and binding of grains and Magh Bihu which marks the season of harvesting of grains


Me-Dum-Me-Phi The most important Ahom festival which deserves mention is the Me-Dum-Me-Phi, i.e., the ancestor worship festival which is observed by the whole Ahom community. This is performed annually on the 31st of January and helps to develop social contacts and community feelings among the Ahoms. Colourful processions with devotees in traditional finery are also taken out on the occasion.
Baishagu Famous for its myriad colours and merriment, 'Baishagu' is generally celebrated by the Bodo Kacharis during mid April. It is the most cherished festival of the Bodo tribe. The Bodos also celebrate it as a springtime festival at the advent of the new year.
Ambubachi-Mela Is the most important festival of Kamakhya temple of Guwahati and is held every year during monsoon (mid-June). It is a ritual of austerities celebrated with 'Tantric rites'. During Ambubashi the doors of the temple remain closed for three days. It is believed that the earth becomes impure for three days. During this time no farming work is undertaken. Ambubachi mela is held at the Kamakhya temple, after being closed for the afore-mentioned three days. On the fourth day only the devotees are allowed to enter inside the temple for worship. Thousands of devotees from all over the country and abroad visit this mela.


Satriya Nritya Satriya Nritya is the classic dance form of Assam which represents the Satriya culture, the basis of the religious and cultural fabric of Assam.
Barpeta's Bhortal Nritya The tea tribes have a synthesized form of dance called "Jhumur Nach", performed by girls and boys together, or, sometimes by the girls alone, with precision of footwork while clasping tightly each other's waist.
Bagurumba Bagurumba is the most attractive dance of the Bodo community. Girls dressed in colourful attires perform this dance in tune of Bodo traditional musical instruments.
Deodhani The Deodhani dance is associated with the worship of the snake goddess Manasa. A Deodhani girl, in a inspired state, goes on dancing to the accompaniment of Kham (drum) and Ciphung (flute) propitiating many a deity beginning with Shiva and ending with Lakshmi.
Kamakhya Temple This powerful Shakti Temple of Mother Goddess Kamakhya is situated on the top of the scenic Nilachal Hills overlooking the majestic river Brahmaputra. The greatest shrine of tantric Shaktism finds mention in the inscription of the Allahabad pillar of Samudragupta. Devotees from all over India converge on this holy place during Ambubashi and Manasha Puja.
Nabagraha Temple: The temple of nine planets is situated on Chitrachal Hill in Guwahati, Assam. In ancient times, it was said to have been a great centre of study of astronomy and astrology.This is also one of the reasons why Guwahati is referred to as Pragjyotishpur or the city of eastern Astrology.
It is 3 km away from the Railway Station.
Umananda Temple: The great Shiva temple is situated on the Peacock island in the middle of the Brahmaputra in Guwahati, Assam.It attracts devotees from all over the country during Shiva Ratri. One can visit the temple by crossing the river by country boat plying from mainland Guwahati.
Satra: Founded by Sankardeva, the father of Assamese culture, the Institution of Satra is a unique feature of Vaishnavism in Assam. Satras are basically monasteries which propogate neoVaishnavism. They also became centres for education and dissemination of the art of harmonius living.In 15th century the first Satra was founded in Majuli. Since then sixty five Satras have come up for the propagation of ethics and socio-cultural ideals. However, at present there are only twenty two Satras in Majuli. The others had to be shifted to safer places due to the devastation of flood and erosion.The main existing Satras are Dakhinpat Satra, Garamurh Satra, Auniati Satra, Kamalabari Satra, Bengenaati Satra, Shamaguri Satra, Batadrawa Satra and Barpeta Satra and Kirtanghar.
Poa-Mecca: This is a mosque built by Pir Giasuddin Aulia and it is believed that it has one-fourth the sanctity of Mecca,a place of pilgrimage for the Muslims. It is therefore known as Poa-Mecca. It is believed that by offering prayers here, the faithful gain one-fourth (poa) spiritual enlightenment of what could be gained at Mecca.


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