TRIPURAINFO

Urbanization

The objective of the Urban Development is to make every settlement a safe, healthy and sustainable place in which every family has adequate shelter, pure drinking water, street lights, sanitation, drainage, disposal of solid wastes and provide roads, housing for poor and employment to urban youths.
The development of urban infrastructure is primarily the function of Urban Development Department, which is having under its administrative control, the Directorate of Urban Development, Town & Country Planning Organization and 20 - Urban Local Bodies (ULBs). Considering the rapid pace of urbanisation in Tripura, State Government has constituted four new Urban Local Bodies at Panisagar, Jirania, Mohanpur and Melagarh during 2013-14. On 21st January, 2014, Agartala Municipal Council has been upgraded to Agartala Municipal Corporation  and 10-Nagar Panchayats at Dharmanagar, Kailashahar, Ambassa, Khowai, Teliamura, Mohanpur, Bishalgarh, Melagarh, Udaipur and Belonia have been  upgraded as Municipal Council. Now, the State has 20-Urban Local Bodies. Out of them, one is Municipal Corporation, ten are Municipal Councils and remaining nine   towns namely Panisagar, Kumarghat, Kamalpur, Jirania, Ranirbazar, Sonamura, Amarpur, Santirbazar and Sabroom are Nagar Panchayats.
The general election to these Urban Local Bodies were held on 11.12.2010 (except in 4 newly ULBs at Panisagar, Jirania, Mohanpur and Melagarh. As per 2011 census total urban population of the State stood at 7,73,279 covering about 241.98 sq.km. area of the State.

The following Table depicts the area and population of the extended ULBs as per Census-2011.

NAME OF THE URBAN AREAS AREA (in sq.km) POPULATION as per 2011
Agartala Municipal Corporation 76.50 4,38,408
Dharmanagar Municipal Council 10.69 40,677
Kailashahar Municipal Council 6.19 24,049
Kumarghat Nagar Panchayat 3.50 14,409
Kamalpur Nagar Panchayat 10.16 10,868
Ambassa Municipal Council 14.77 16,978
Khowai Municipal Council 5.82 18,339
Teliamura Municipal Council 3.75   20,778
Ranirbazer Nagar Panchayat 1.95 13,117
Bishalgarh Municipal Council  9.15 21,075
Sonamura Nagar Panchayat 4.13 11,141
Udaipur Municipal Council 6.10 33,708
Amarpur Nagar Panchayat 8.55 10,634
Santirbazar Nagar Panchayat 26.94 12,594
Sabroom Nagar Panchayat 5.06 7,235
Belonia Municipal Council 5.74 19,820
Panisagar Nagar Panchayat 3.00 10,578
Jirania Nagar Panchayat 4.00 11,423
Mohanpur Municipal Council 18.05 18,478
Melagarh Municipal Council 17.93 18,970
TOTAL 241.98 7,73,279
Source: - RGI, New Delhi

Schemes implemented in urban areas

The State Urban Development Department has been implementing following schemes for development of urban infrastructure in the State during 2013-14.

a) State Plan :

i)Special Central Assistance (SCA)

ii)Special Plan Assistance (SPA)

iii)Urban Development Works

iv)Tripura Urban Employment Programme (TUEP).

v)Tripura State Government Housing Scheme (TSGHS)

(b) Centrally Sponsored Schemes :

i) Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)

ii) Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).

 a) Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG)

   b) Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme of Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT).

 c) Basic Service for Urban Poor (BSUP).

 d) Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP).

iii) Integrated Low Cost Sanitation Scheme (ILCS).

iv) North Eastern Region Urban Development Project (NERUDP).

v) 10% Lumpsum for NE Region.

 

Significant progress in urban development:


1. Significant progress has been made in providing housing facilities to urban poor at Teliamura, Ranirbazar, Belonia, Sonamura and Udaipur under Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme (IHSDP). Out of 2460 dwelling units, construction of 2180 dwelling units have been completed and balance 280 were in progress at Udaipur. The Sonamura Town has been awarded by Government of India, Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation as "Best city in implementation of IHSDP for ULBs in Small and Special Category States/UTs for the year 2012-13". The construction of 384 dwelling units for urban poor at Joynagar and Radhanagar with 10 percent lump-sum of Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation are in good progress. The State Government has also launched a new scheme namely Tripura State Government Housing Scheme (TSGHS) with the aim to provide housing assistance and cover all left out BPL homeless families. The implementation for construction of 900 houses has also been started during 2013-14 in urban areas.

2. Under UIDSSMT (JNNURM), improvement of 5 km. roads and storm water drain at Belonia, Kailashahar, Kamalpur Municipal Council have been completed. The construction of covered drain at Ranirbazar under UIDSSMT(JNNURM) scheme has also been completed.

3. The work of sewerage project of North Zone under Agartala Municipal Corporation through JNNURM (UIG) is under implementation. The work of 55 km. sewerage line, 5 pumping stations are completed and the construction of Sewerage Treatment Plant (STP) is in good progress.

4. The work of water supply project of North Zone of Agartala Municipal Corporation under JNNURM is under implementation. The laying of 40 km pipe line and 3 deep tube wells (DTW) have been completed during 2012-13 and work of 5 Overhead Tanks (OHT) and 2 Ground Water Treatment Plants (GWTP) are in good progress. The work of 6 deep tube wells under 1st tranche of Asian Development Bank (ADB) project of Central and South Zones of Agartala Municipal Corporation area has been completed and about 16 such works are in progress.

5. Town hall at Sabroom has been inaugurated during 2013-14.  The construction of town halls at Kamalpur, Udaipur, Sonamura, Ambassa and Kailashahar are in good progress. The work of construction of town hall at Belonia would be started in 2014-15. A shopping complex near Maharani Tulshibati School, Agartala has been inaugurated during 2013-14. The construction of stalls at circuit house area, vegetable market at Maharaj ganj and Durga chowmuhani markets are in progress. The construction work of Aralia market is also in progress.

6. The construction of office buildings for the Urban Local Bodies at Kailashahar, Kumarghat, Khowai and Sabroom are in progress. The construction of office building at Panisagar, Ambassa, Jirania, Mohanpur, Bishalgarh and Santirbazar Urban Local Bodies would be started during 2014-15. The transportation system for solid waste management in Agartala Municipal Corporation has been improved with the procurement of modern vehicles/machineries. Initiative for development of solid waste management activities in different Nagar Panchayats have also been started with construction of boundary wall for dumping ground/ yard and procurement of machineries / equipments etc.

TUEP

The ULBs are implementing a Scheme, namely Tripura Urban Employment Programme (TUEP) for the last five years. The Scheme is fully funded by the State Government of Tripura from its own budget. It is modeled on National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). The vision of this scheme is to provide employment to one adult family member of every BPL and listed BPL family of all the ULBs. The vision of this scheme is to provide employment to one adult family member of every BPL and listed BPL family of all the ULBs for 75 days employment in a year During 2013-14 Financial Year State Govt. has released Rs. 45 crore and total 19,72,789 mandays generated under the Scheme.During the year 2015-16, the state government has released Rs. 48.27 crore generating 30,04,588 mandays under the scheme and an average 48.85 days of work were provided to the weaker section of the people.

Source: - Urban Development Department, Tripura.

The following Table shows the revenue collected by different Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in the State during 2013-14 in the State.

NAME OF THE ULB's REVENUE COLLECTED IN 2013-14 INCLUDING PROPERTY AND WATER TAX (in Rs) PROPERTY TAX IN 2013-14 (in Rs) COLLECTION OF WATER TAX IN 2013-14 (in Rs)
Agartala Municipal Corporation 2325.26 320.76 76.42
Dharmanagar Municipal Council 97.32 18.20 21.24
Kailashahar Municipal Council 52.34 4.34 10.40
Kumarghat Nagar Panchayat 20.80 0.75 1.75
Kamalpur Nagar Panchayat 18.89 3.50 2.46
Ambassa Municipal Council 28.25 3.00 6.33
Khowai Municipal Council 52.65 4.05 6.02
Teliamura Municipal Council 20.54 2.78 3.25
Ranirbazer Nagar Panchayat 23.61 4.71 0.71
Bishalgarh Municipal Council 21.42 8.36 0.11
Sonamura Nagar Panchayat 34.12 2.89 4.22
Udaipur Municipal Council 86.49 3.48 17.82
Amarpur Nagar Panchayat 11.46 0.43 2.06
Santirbazar Nagar Panchayat 19.77 1.26 5.21
Sabroom Nagar Panchayat 13.55 1.48 2.11
Belonia Municipal Council 103.91 5.07 10.44
Panisagar Nagar Panchayat 0.06 0 0
Jirania Nagar Panchayat 0.40 0 0.01
Mohanpur Municipal Council 0.26 0 0
Melagarh Municipal Council 0.21 0 0.01
TOTAL 2931.61 385.06 170.56
Source: - Urban Development Department, Tripura

Cities and towns of Tripura are visibly deficient in the quality of services they provide, to the present population. Current service levels are too low relative to the needs of urban households. They are also low relative to what will be required to sustain the economic productivity for cities and town of the State.

The public services such as drinking water, sewerage, solid waste management, roads and storm water drains, markets, and street lights must be accessible to one and all to achieve the goals of inclusive growth. To achieve inclusive growth however, requires shifting the focus of policy from creating physical infrastructure to delivery services. The challenge is to focus on reforming governance for service delivery, without this, additional capital investments in urban infrastructure will not result in improvements in service delivery.
The scarcity of affordable housing drives the poor and some non-poor to slums and most of these settlements lack even basic water and sanitation facilities. Therefore, it is a felt need for providing job opportunities to the urban poor.
The objective of the Urban Development is to make every urban settlement a safe, healthy and sustainable place in which every family has adequate shelter, pure drinking water, street lights, sanitation, drainage, disposal of solid wastes and provide roads, housing for poor and employment to urban youth.
At the state level, this is primarily the function of Urban Development Department, which has under its administrative control, the Directorate of Urban Development, Town & Country Planning Organization and 20 Nos. ULBs. Considering the rapid pace of urbanisation in Tripura, Agartala Municipal Council has been upgraded to Agartala Municipal Corporation. As on 31.03.2015, 10 (ten) municipalities namely Dharmanagar, Kailashahar, Ambassa, Khowai, Teliamura, Mohanpur, Bishalgarh, Melagarh, Udaipur and Belonia have been upgraded to Municipal Council on 21.01.2014 and Panisagar, Kumarghat, Kamalpur, Jirania, Ranirbazar, Sonamura, Amarpur, Santirbazar and Sabroom are Nagar Panchayats.

NULM(National Urban Livelihood Mission)

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Allevation, Govt. of India has launched this scheme in the year 2013. The NULM sanctioned by the Government of India for 7 (seven) ULBs namely Agartala Muncipal Corporation, Dharmanagar, Kailashahar, Ambassa, Khowai, Udaipur and Belonia Municipal Councils in the State. Government of India released an amount of Rs.946.24 lakh during 2014-15 (March-2015) under this scheme and the State share for an amount of Rs.74.60 lakh was released and placed to the concerned ULBs.

JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission)

The work of Water Supply Project of North Zone of Agartala under JNNURM is under implementation. Out of 130 km of pipeline work, 129.60 km has been completed. Structural work for all 8 overhead tanks has been completed and finishing work is in progress. Construction of 12 deep tubewells and 2 ground water treatment plants have been completed.

North Eastern Region Urban Development Project (NERUDP) (Also known as ADB project):

(i) Development of Water Supply Projet in Central & South zones of Agartala city under Tranche-I Projects- Loan 2528-IND. Construction of 22 deep tube wells have been completed.

(ii) Under Tranche-II, Projects-Loan 2834-IND, work of construction of 7 Nos. ground water treatment plant, 14 nos. Over Head Service Reservoir (OHSR) and laying of distribution pipe network at South Zone are going on with an amount of Rs.126.33 crore.

General Election of Urban Local Bodies

The General Election to these Urban Local Bodies were held on 11.12.2010. Details  of the urban areas and the total urban population of the State as per 2011 Census and as on 31.03.2015 are given below:

Sl. No. Name of the Urban Local Body Area Total Population as per 2011 Census. Population as on 31-03-2015
01. Agartala Municipal Corporation 76.504 4,38,408 5,22,613
02. Dharmanagar Muncipal Council 10.69 40,677 45,887
03. Kailashahar Muncipal Council 6.19 24,049 23,418
04. Kumarghat Nagar Panchayat. 3.50 14,409 15,189
05. Ambassa Muncipal Council 14.772 16,978 16,407
06. Khowai Muncipal Council 5.819 18,339 21,387
07. Telimura Muncipal Council 3.75 20,778 21,679
08. Ranirbazer Nagar Panchayat. 1.95 13,117 15,820
09. Mohanpur Muncipal Council 18.05 18,478 18,549
10. Bishalgarh Muncipal Council 9.15 21,075 22,309
11. Melagarh Municipal Council 17.93 18,970 20,289
12. Udaipur Muncipal Council 6.10 33,708 37,781
13. Santirbazer Nagar Panchayat 26.94 12,594 15,647
14. Belonia Muncipal Council 5.74 19,820 21,176
15. Panisagar Nagar Panchayat 3.00 10,578 11,073
16. Kamalpur Nagar Panchayat. 10.16 10,868 10,904
17. Jirania Nagar Panchayat 4.00 11,423 11,938
18. Sonamura  Nagar Panchayat. 4.13 11,141 12,592
19. Amarpur Nagar Panchayat. 8.55 10,634 11,525
20. Sabroom Nagar Panchayat 5.06 7,235 6,634

Total

241.985 7,73,279 8,82,817