Tripura: Poverty in Rural Areas

The anti-poverty programmes have been strengthened in order to generate additional employment, create productive assets, impart technical and entrepreneurial skills and raise income level of the poor. The Government of Tripura is fully recognizing and accordingly, constituted the three-tier Panchayat Raj system in the State and provided the Tripura Panchayat Act, 1993 for effective implementation of the poverty alleviation programmes and generation of employment opportunities as well as the basic services programmes.
A number of poverty alleviation and employment opportunities programmes including the Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGREGA) are being implemented by the State Government.The Union Government has taken the wage employment programmes, the outreach of these programmes increased especially during 1989 to 2007. These self targeting wage employment programmes implemented by the State Government with central assistance with the objective to provide enhanced livelihood security, especially of those dependent on casual manual labour.

MGREGA (Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act):

The Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act or MGREGA aims at enhancing livelihood security of households in rural areas of the country by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in a fiscal year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. The Act also ensures 33 percent participation of women. The primary objective of the Act is augmenting wage employment. The Act is also a significant vehicle for strengthening decentralisation of local governance by Panchayati Raj.
The Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MREGA) actually guaranteed the livelihood security for 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to a rural household whose members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.

PMGSY (Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana):

The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yogona (PMGSY) was launched on December, 2000 as a 100 per cent Centrally Sponsored Scheme with the primary objective of providing all-weather connectivity to the eligible unconnected habitations in the rural areas. The programme is funded mainly from the accruals of diesel cess in the Central Road Fund. In addition, support of the multilateral funding agencies and the domestic financial institutions is being obtained to meet the financial requirements of the programmes.

IAY (Indira Awas Yojana):

The Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) aims at providing dwelling units, free of cost, to Scheduled Castes(SCs),Scheduled Tribes(STs),and free bonded labourers and also non-SC/ST BPL families in rural areas. It is funded on a cost sharing basis in the rates of 75:25 between the Centre and State.

SGSY (Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana):

The Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) has been introduced after restructuring the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and allied scheme in April, 1999.The SGSY is the only self-employment programme for rural poor. The objective is to bring the self-employed above poverty line by providing the income-generating assets through bank credit and Government subsidy.

SGRY (Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana):

The Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) launched in September, 2001. The objective of the programme is to provide additional wage employment in rural areas, as also food security, alongside creation of durable community, social and economic infrastructure in the rural areas.

SJSRY (Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana):

The Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) launched in December, 1997. The Urban Self-Employment Programme (USEP) and the Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP) are the two special components of the SJSRY were substituted for various programmes operated earlier for urban poverty alleviation.

VAMBAY (Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana):

The Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana(VAMBAY) launched in December, 2001 to facilitate the construction and up-gradation of dwelling units for slum dwellers and provides a healthy and enabling urban environment through community toilets under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan.

TSC (Total Sanitation Campaign):

The main objective of Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) is to create awareness and accelerate sanitation coverage in houses, schools in rural areas.

IWDP (Integrated Wastelands Development Programme:

The Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP) aims is to harvest rainwater for irrigation, plantations including horticulture and floriculture, pasture development, fisheries etc. in rural areas.


On December 2002 the reform initiative in the Rural Drinking Water Sector were sealed up throughout the country by launching the Swajaldhara by the then Hon'ble Prime Minister of India. Since then, all the reforms initiative is Rural Drinking Water Sector were brought under the scheme called 'Swajaldhara'.

TUEP (Tripura Urban Employment Programme):

Besides above poverty alleviation schemes are being implemented in rural areas of the State, the Government of Tripura launched a state run scheme for urban poverty alleviation since 2009-10 named as Tripura Urban Employment Programme (TUEP) in line with the MGNREGA, to provide at least 75 days work to one adult family member of each and every BPL listed families in a fiscal year. The TUEP is one of the unique schemes in the country for urban poverty alleviation.
By generating employment through implementation of self-employment programmes have successfully been implemented in the State despite its infrastructural bottlenecks. Special emphasis has been given for covering economically backward and ST / SC target groups including women and children.

BEUP (Bidhayak Elaka Unnayan Prakalpa):

The Government of Tripura has introduced "Bidhayak Elaka Unnayan Prakalpa" (BEUP) in the year 2001-2002 under which every Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) of the State have a choice to suggest to the concerned Sub-Divisional Magistrate works to the tune of Rs.5.00 lakh in a year. This amount of Rs.5.00 lakh has been increased to Rs.7.50 lakh in 2004-05, Rs.10.00 lakh in 2005-06 and further to Rs.15 lakh since 2011-12.
In 2013-14, an amount of Rs.900 lakh was released by the State Government to the 23 Sub-Divisional Magistrates covering all sixty assembly constituencies of eight districts.

NULM (National Urban Livelihood Mission):

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Allevation, Govt. of India has launched this scheme in the year 2013. The NULM sanctioned by the Government of India for 7 (seven) ULBs namely Agartala Muncipal Corporation, Dharmanagar, Kailashahar, Ambassa, Khowai, Udaipur and Belonia Municipal Councils in the State. Government of India released an amount of Rs.946.24 lakh during 2014-15 (March-2015) under this scheme and the State share for an amount of Rs.74.60 lakh was released and placed to the concerned ULBs.

JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission):

The work of Water Supply Project of North Zone of Agartala under JNNURM is under implementation. Out of 130 km of pipeline work, 129.60 km has been completed. Structural work for all 8 overhead tanks has been completed and finishing work is in progress. Construction of 12 deep tubewells and 2 ground water treatment plants have been completed.

NERUDP(North Eastern Region Urban Development Project)
(Also known as ADB project):

(i) Development of Water Supply Projet in Central & South zones of Agartala city under Tranche-I Projects- Loan 2528-IND. Construction of 22 deep tube wells have been completed.

(ii) Under Tranche-II, Projects-Loan 2834-IND, work of construction of 7 Nos. ground water treatment plant, 14 nos. Over Head Service Reservoir (OHSR) and laying of distribution pipe network at South Zone are going on with an amount of Rs.126.33 crore.

10% lump sum provision for NE Region:

(i) Construction of dwelling units for poor at Joynagar (192 nos.) and Radhanagar (192 nos.) is nearing completion during the eriod of the report. The project was sanctioned under 10% lump sum grant, earmarked for NE Region by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Allevation, Govt. of India.

(ii) Work of construction of 763 nos. of lump sum grant earmarked for NE Region by Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Govt. of India. Till March, 2015, about 50% of the housing units were nearing completion.