Socio-Economic Scenario of Tripura


Socio-Economic Scenario of Tripura

Socio-Economic Scenario of Tripura

The economy of Tripura had suffered from disturbed conditions of extremism and insurgency over the last two decades, which directly hindered the human safety as well as economic development process in the recent past. The State has come out from that disturbed phase arising out of law and order since 2005.

The State is characterised by geographical isolation, poor infrastructure facilities, communication bottlenecks, inadequate exploitation of natural resources (natural gas, rubber, forest etc.), higher incidence of poverty, low capital formation, backward in industrialisation and high level of un-employment.

Natural gas deposits are among the most important feature of Tripura's natural resource base. Four natural gas-based thermal power plants have already been set-up at Palatana in Udaipur subdivision, Barmura in Khowai District, Rokhia and Manarchak in Sepahijala district.

Most of the parts of the State are rural and about 74 percent of the State's population live in rural areas. The upliftment of rural poor as well as improvement in the quality of life of the economically weaker section of the society has been one of the basic objectives of development planning in the State. Tripura is the second highest densely State among the north-eastern region after Assam. Over 60 percent of the States' area is classified as forest area leaving about 27 percent for cultivation. The State has many rain-fed, non-perrenial rivers and streams flowing into neighbouring Bangladesh.

The State scores well in terms of literacy, birth rate and death rate. It is evident from the fact that the State's birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, total fertility rate as well as literacy rate are above the national standard. Despite poor financial resources of its own, the State could ensure providing its share of liabilities against almost all the Centrally Sponsored Schemes.

For last couple of years since 2006, the state in particular and the country as a whole is experiencing high price rise. Infact, price influences both quantum and pattern of consumption. Price affects every individual and variation in price changes reflects directly in the economy. In practice, the price changes in goods and services effect different segment of people, differently.

The year-on-year inflation based on CPI for Industrial Workers shows that the general inflation has reached at 7.37 percent in March 2016 and in June 2016 it reached to 9.42 percent.

Low availability of infrastructure has made the process of economic development extremely difficult for this backward State. The NH- 8, the lifeline of Tripura, is frequently disrupted in the rainy season due to landslides near Patharkandi in Assam and Sonarpur in Meghalaya which is a perennial problem for the State. However, the railway link has been improved significantly over the past two years with Agartala, capital city of the state found place in the country’s BG map. Moreover, one inland water connectivity with Bangladesh is in the pipeline.

The un-employment situation in the State has assumed alarming position. Total job seekers in the Employment Exchanges are 6.92 lakh on January 31, 2016. Increase in population and consequent addition to the labour force, the supply side of labour force continues to outstrips the demand resulting in rise of un-employment and under employment at an alarming rate.

Nature of the existing employment pattern in Tripura can also be revealed from the provisional result of 6th Economic Census-2013. It is found that about 4,04,215 persons were working in 2,37,902 establishments in 2013 against 3,85,708 persons in 1,89,423 establishments in 2005. Out of the total workers of 4,04,215 in 2013, 2,32,273 were in rural areas and remaining 1,71,942 were in the urban areas. As per the provisional report, the total hired workers in 2013 remained 1,57,650 of the total workers. Of the total job seekers an average 97 percent is unskilled while only 3 percent is skilled, according to the latest reort of Directorate of Employment Services and Manpower Planning.

The maximum number of workers are engaged in retail trade, followed by manufacturing, public administration, education, and other community and personal services in the non-agriculture segment of the State.

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