Forestry & Rubber


Forestry & Rubber

Forestry & Rubber

Forest is an integral part of the culture and tradition of Tripura. It also maintains the environment, bio-diversity, land, soil, water and air regimes. Any imbalance in equilibrium of the above components affects the system adversely and has an adverse impact on human life.

The state has a geographical area of 10,491 Km2 of which 6,294 Km2 (60%) is the forest area as per legal classification in the state. As per Report of the Forest Survey-2015 of India, total forest cover in the state is 7866 km2 i.e. 74.97% of the total geographical area. Due to 856 Km long international borders with Bangladesh, the trans-border smuggling of forest produces is one of the most serious problems leading to degradation of these forests. In the forests of the state, there are 266-species of medicinal plants, 379-tree species, 320-shrubs, 581-herbs, 165-climbers, 16-climbing shrubs, 35-ferns, 45-epiphytes and 4-parasites. Moreover, there are 50-species endemic to Tripura. 2-primitive plants and 7-endangered plants are also found in Tripura.

Forests & afforestation

To increase the productivity of existing forests, afforestation over 18,757 hectares was taken up on degraded forestland during 2013-14. Further 105.82 lakhs seedlings have been distributed up to March, 2013 by the Forest Department for plantation on private and non-forest land. An innovation scheme of 'Angan-Ban Prakalpa' for productive use of fallow land in private holding is being implemented by the State Forest Department.

Forest composition and growing stock

Blessed with high rainfall, humidity and nutrient rich soil, the forests of Tri Blessed with high rainfall, humidity and nutrient rich soil, the Forests of the State are rich in productivity and the potential productivity index is estimated to be 9-12 cubic meter per hectare per annum.

The forests of Tripura are divided into two major forest types. These are-(a) evergreen forest and (b) moist deciduous forest. Moist deciduous forests are further divided in two distinct categories, namely (i) moist deciduous sal forests and (ii) moist deciduous mixed forest. Moist Deciduous Sal Forest covers parts of Belonia, Udaipur, Sonamura and Sadar Sub-Divisions.

Inventory report published by the Forest Survey of India in the year 2015 gives the account of forest cover of Tripura as follows :-

Stratum Area in sq. km Forest area (% of Geo. Area)

Very dense forest 109 1.04

Moderately dense forest 4641 44.23

Open forest 3116 29.70

Total forest 7866 74.97

Source: Forest Department, Tripura.

Contribution of forestry sector to rural economy

Forest is the complex eco system providing a variety of ecological and other valuable goods & services like timber, food, fodder, beauty of landscape, wilderness, peace and solitude. The efficient use of forest resource for welfare of the state and its people is of this utmost importance.

The revenue from forestry sector during 2015-16 is around Rs.1186.20 lakhs. It is estimated that the contribution of the forestry sector to the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) is estimated at Rs.5700.00 crore which is placed before the 14th FC as well.

The State Forest Department manages the recorded 6294.287 sq. km. of forest area in the State. Besides, managing the forest area, it undertakes extension of tree cover to private holdings for better environmental management and for achieving the following aims and objectives:

i) Maintain and improve the productive potential of natural resources,

ii) Strengthening of rural livelihood by providing fuel, fodder, timber, bamboo and other NTFP,

iii) Conservation and development of resources base by introducing new technologies and encouraging people's participation through the JFM programmes,

iv) Addressing the ever-increasing demands of the population,

v) Reduce the pressure on forests.

Achievements in 2015-16

I. To increase the productivity of existing forests, afforestation around 5002.31 hectare was taken up on degraded forest land during 2015-16. Further, 44.82 lakh seedlings have been distributed up to March, 2016 by the State Forest Department for plantation on public and forest land.

II. An innovative scheme of 'Angan-Ban Prakalpa' for productive use of fallow land in private holdings is being implemented by the Forest Department since 1996-97. Under the scheme, it is envisaged to provide technical inputs and guidance to the selected beneficiaries in raising plantation of forest species on private wasteland. Till 2015-16, 24,150 hectare have been covered under the project involving covering around 79,257 beneficiaries.

III. For the purpose of active participation and involvement of local communities in protection and development of forests, the Joint Forest Management (JFM) has been undertaken in the state on a large scale based on resolution of the State Government taken during 16th January 2002. Till 2015-16, 1000 numbers of JFM Committees have been formed involving a project area of more than 2,60,210.62 hectare involving 1,00,045 tribal and rural poor families.

IV. To provide support to community participation in protection and management of forest, the JFMs have been made an integral part of Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) of Intensification of Forest Management (90:10), Rastriya Krishi Vikash Yojana (RKVY), Assistant to States for Development of National Park & Sanctuaries, Project Elephant, National Bamboo Mission, National Afforestation Programme, Central Zoo Authority. During 2015-16, an amount of Rs.572.63 lakh has been released by the Government of India for implementation of the scheme National Afforestation Programme. Out of Rs.572.63 lakhs, an amount of Rs.632.96 lakhs has been utilized during 2015-16. Plantation over 4,547 hectare plantation has been raised under National Afforestation Programme during 2015-16

Protected Area Network (PAN)

Bio-diversity of the State is dwindling at an alarming rate. Pursuant to the need for conservation and development of bio-diversity in situ, a network of 4 sanctuaries and one National Park has been established in the State during the last decade. One more sanctuary in Atharamura hill range is being considered.

Notification under Section 26(A) of WL (P) Act are yet to be issued for all the 4- sanctuaries, proclamation by Collector under Section 21 has been issued and required enquiries are in progress. The PAS are isolated as "Islands" amidst agricultural land and human settlements. These are under tremendous stress. Man and animal conflict is on the rise. Areas with actual and potential conflicts with surrounding population, unauthorized collection of timber, fuel wood, NWFP beyond sustainable limits have been identified and efforts are on to have a harmonious balance. In addition to in-situ conservation efforts, Sepahijala Zoo has been established for ex-situ conservation measures. The zoo houses about 558 animals (as on 01-08-2011) and birds belonging to 56 faunal species. The captive breeding programme on selected 4 species viz. spectacle langur, clouded leopard conservation, pigtail macaque and binturong along with awareness promotion efforts have been by and large successful. The number of visitors has been constantly increasing in Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary and Sepahijala Wildlife Zoological Park. During 2014-15, about 38,55,056 lakh visitors visited and revenue earned was Rs.946.22 lakh.

Forest Dwellers

To recognize the forest rights of forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers over the forest land under their occupation for self-cultivation, rights over minor forest produce and traditional rights, the Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 is being implemented in the State. The following table depicts the economic benefit provided during 2008-09 to end of 2014 under the "Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006" in the State.

Revenue (Rs. In lakhs)
Year Timber Firewood Bamboo Sand Other Total
2015-16 371.31 21.689 41.143 330.234 421.814 1186.20
Sl.No. Item Number
Sl.No. Item Number
1 2 3
i) Total no of forest rights so far vested 1,23,221
ii) Total no of forest rights so far vested to S.T families 1,23,219
iii) Total no of forest rights so far vested to OFD 2
iv) Total quantum of land involved (in hec.) 1,75,662.4035
v) Quantum of land involved for ST families (in hec.) 1,75,661.9235
vi) Quantum of land involved for non- ST families (in hec.) 0.48
vii) Demarcation of land completed through local bodies 1,19,787
viii) Pillaring completed 1,18,697

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