Festivals of Tripura|
As Tripura is largely dominated by the Hindus, the festivals celebrated here are
quite common to the festivals celebrated in the rest of India. In addition to
this, there are many festivals unique to Tripura. There are numerous festivals
celebrated through out the year in Tripura with great pomp and show. The main
festivals ofTripura are the Durga Puja (at the time of Dussehra), Karchi
Puja,Diwali, Dol Jatra (Holi), Pous Sankranti, Ashokashtmi and Buddha Jayanti,
Id, Christmas and New Year. The Garia, Ker Ganga and Gajan festivals are
important tribal festivities. During Ashokashtmi there are special celebrations
at Unnakoti. The Fourteen Goddess Temple in Old Agartala attracts a lot of
visitors for its Karchi Puja, and so does Tirthamukh on the occasion of the Pous
Sankranti Mela. Other festivals are the Rabindra/Nazrul Festival in May, the
Boat Race at Melaghar in August, the Orange and Tourism festival in the Jampui
Hill range in November. There are a number of socio-religious fairs and
festivals celebrated in the State throughout the year. Practically each tribe in
the state has its own dances and festivals, which are celebrated with great
devotion and enthusiasm.
Some of the most important festivals are given below:
The Mela held near source of the river Gomti in an area, known as Tirtha Mukh
and the accompanying festival attract a large number of devotees from all over
the state. Both tribal and nontribal people assemble every year on the occasion
of the Uttarayan Sankranti for a holy dip in the lake. Surrounded by high hills,
Tirthamukh in South Tripura district is a unique place of beauty frequented
specially by the Tripuris to make a vow for realizing their own pledges
throughout the year. But on the day of ‘Pous Sankranti’ this place becomes a
confluence of thousands of people. Since ancient days Tirthamukh has been a holy
place of the Hindu Tripuri tribals. On the specific day people flock to the
place to shave their head in the name of their ancestors and worship basically
Hindu deities and perform individual sacrifices and rituals to propitiating the
souls of departed ancestors. It is on this occasion that a two day long fair is
Though the number of Buddhists living in the state is very small, Lord Buddha’s
birthday is celebrated on a grand scale every year. People of all communities
enthusiastically take part in this festival.
Ashok Ashtami Fair:
The fair is held every year in the month of April at Unakoti Tirthaof
Kailasahar Sub-Division in North Tripura. Pilgrims from all over the state
assemble here to offer Puja to the images of gods and goddesses engraved on the
The tribals of Tripura perform Garia Puja on the seventh day of the month of
Baisakh (April), the opening month of the Hindu calendar year. Both men and
women perform this puja to propitiate the deity for blessings.
The worship of the fourteen gods, popularly known as Kharchi Puja, occupies the
pride of place in Tripura. This weeklong festival is celebrated every year in
the month of July at ‘Chaturdasha Devta’ Temple, eight kms southeast of Agartala.
Ker Puja starts generally fifteen days after Kharchi Puja and it is the general
belief that this Puja is performed by the state’s royalfamily within the palace
for the welfare of the State and its people.
It is celebrated in the month of October and is one of the most popular
festivals in Tripura. The entire villages and towns appearin a festive mood
during the four days of the festival. On the fourth day images of goddess
‘Durga’ are taken out in a great procession for immersion in rivers or big
lakes. ‘Vijaya Dashami’, the fourth day of the festival, is significantly
observed by exchange of reciprocal greetings.
Diwali festival is celebrated after Durga Puja. On this occasion every year a
big fair is held near Matabari in the temple of ‘TripuraSundari’ at Udaipur.
This temple is known as one of the 51 holiestshrines of the Mother-Goddess,
spread across India.