TRIPURAINFO

Education


School Education:
The Education has been acknowledged as one of the key inputs for balanced socio-economic development. It opens-up opportunities leading to both individual and society. It is the most important crucial input for empowering people with skills and knowledge. It also gives access to provide gainful employment and economic development.
The State Government has been attached highest priority to education since it attained the statehood in 1972. The State has been spending 12-14 percent of its annual budget for school education sub-sector.
The "Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act,2009" has come into effect from April 2010 to provide free and compulsory education to children in the age group of 6-14 years in a neighbourhood school. Elementary education, consisting of primary (I-V) and upper primary or middle (VI-VIII) is the main basis of education, which is successfully covered under "Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan" and "Mid-day meal" schemes in the State. The secondary (IX-X) education is covered through "Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan" and higher secondary education (XI-XII) is also witnessed a phenomenal expansion in the State.

          

Elementary Education:
The connection between universalisation of elementary education and human development is one of the most widely acknowledged issues in public discourse across the globe. That elementary education plays a pivotal role in reducing social inequalities by expanding human capabilities has been clearly established. Discussions have been going on throughout the world about the ways to universalize education and to deliver quality education in an equitable manner. Yet, the gaps in educational opportunities and achievements of students from certain class backgrounds, social identities, gender and geographical locations have not decreased, rather, they have risen. In fact, the very objective of reducing inequality through educational expansion is defeated at its inception with the failure to incorporate sections of society into the fold of education. In other words, sections of the population are excluded from the educational arena, where the basis of exclusion is determined by the social background they come from - being members of particular social class and again by the gender division within these categories. Sarva shiksha abhiyan is the biggest ever flagship programme being implemented in the entire country with the objective of universalizing elementary education (uee) by bringing all children in the age group of 6-14 years under the ambit of primary schooling, expanding schooling facility to all inaccessible un-served habitations, creating new school infrastructure and renovating/ improving infrastructure of existing schools. Ultimately, this time bound programme aims at achieving the goal by providing education of satisfactory quality to the children for improving their human capabilities adequately, so that they may stand on their own and lead a successful life of prestige in the practical world of hazards. In conformity with other states and union territories of the country the programme was launched in the state in 2001‐02.

Sarva shiksha abhiyan is the biggest ever flagship programme being implemented in the entire country with the objective of universalizing elementary education (uee) by bringing all children in the age group of 6-14 years under the ambit of primary schooling, expanding schooling facility to all inaccessible un-served habitations, creating new school infrastructure and renovating/ improving infrastructure of existing schools. Ultimately, this time bound programme aims at achieving the goal by providing education of satisfactory quality to the children for improving their human capabilities adequately, so that they may stand on their own and lead a successful life of prestige in the practical world of hazards. In conformity with other states and union territories of the country the programme was launched in the state in 2001‐02.

During the course of its implementation in our state, ssa has gone a long way in bringing about a sea change in the educational profile of the state by way of enrolling out-of-school children and retaining them in the schooling system, effecting a sharp, tangible decline in drop-out rates, increase in transition rate, bridging gender and social gaps, training and motivating teachers to deliver education more effectively, involving community people in the education system, and so on.

Secondary Education

Education in Tripura has developed at a very fast pace since its formation on 21st January 1972. The beautiful small state of Tripura offers immense opportunities for students from within and outside the region. As per the census of 2001, literacy rate of Tripura is 73.66%. The Government of the state has taken a number of steps to develop the educational set up of the region. A free and compulsory education policy was introduced by the government that caters free education to the students who fall in the age group of 6 to 14 years of age. The education system of Tripura can be divided into four stages, they are the primary stage which comprises of Classes I-V, the middle stage consisting of Classes VI-VIII and the secondary stage comprising of Classes IX-X. Classes XI and XII are the higher secondary stage of education. Tripura education department was established with the aim of enhancing the academic scenario of the state. It looks after the education system at various levels in Tripura. Later, the department of education was further divided into three sections namely Education (school), Social welfare and Social Education Department and Education (higher). The state government is making every effort for spreading education even to the grass root level. The compulsory and fre e education scheme launched by the government provides education to the students within six to fourteen years of age. Schooling system in Tripura is divided into four stages namely primary stage, middle stage, secondary stage and higher secondary stage. Different Kinds of Schools in Tripura Various government as well as private schools operates in the state of Tripura. One can also come across various religious institutions functioning here in this small state of India. The schools in Tripura are either affiliated to the Tripura Board of Secondary Education or Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Some of the schools are also affiliated to the Council for The Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE).

Moving ahead to achieve the goals

The State's education system covering from pre-primary stage onwards including adult literacy programmes has been making efforts towards fulfillment of the commitment made by the State Government to achieve 100 percent literacy in Tripura. To achieve the goal, the State Government launched time bound "Saakshar Bharat Mission" in the Dhalai District in 2010-11 and special "Adult Literacy Programme" in the remaining seven districts. A survey conducted in 2012 reveales that there were about 1,31,634 illiterates in the age group of 15 and above in the State. About 8,152 teaching-learning centres were opened covering both rural and urban local bodies to cover these illiterates.

The Census-2011 data reveals that literacy rate of Tripura was 87.22 percent and the State ranked fifth among the States/UTs at All India level. A recent study conducted during August 2013 by the Indian Statistical Institution (ISI), Kolkata indicates that literacy rate touched to 95.16 percent in the State. Now the literacy rate in the state stood at 96.82 percent, which is highest in the country.

Major focus areas:

To sustain and push forward the progress and achievements os far made, the School Education Department will focus its all-round efforts on realizing the un-fullfilled targets and goals with emphasis on -

  1.  Enhancement of literacy rate to reach 100 percent.

  2. More facilities to access elementary and secondary education.

  3. Further reduction of gender-gap in enrollment, retention and completion of education.

  4. More supports to students belonging to SC, ST, RM and OBC.

  5. Removal of disparity at all level and ensure equliity.

  6. Improvement of quality of education at all levels.

  7. Extension of ICT to all secondary level schools in phases.

 

The status of school educational facilities in the State by existing eight districts in 2015-16 is presented in the following Table:

 

Type of school
West
Sepahi-jala
Khowai
Gomati
South
Dhalai
Unakoti
North
Total
J.B
311
266
266
287
339
540
176
223
2408
S.B.
155
145
119
186
164
246
81
160
1256
High
103
101
66
74
92
55 
44
62
597
H.S
108
54
37
42
63
33
31
41
409
Total
705
637
490
604
662
877
366
509
4670
Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

  The status of management and type-wise number of Madrassa in the State during 2015-16 is presented in the following Table.

 

Type of school
West
Sepahi- jala
Khowai
Gomati
South
Dhalai
Unakoti
North
Total
Junior 
28
64
2
14
4
3
33
19
167
Senior
0
3
0
1
0
0
0
3
7
High
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
Fazil
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
3
Total
28
71
2
15
4
3
34
23
180
Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

 

The following Table depicts the district and type-wise total no. of english medium schools in Tripura 2015-16.

 

Type of school
West
Sepahi-jala
Khowai
Gomati
South
Dhalai
Unakoti
North
Total
J.B
25
16
11
18
2
30
17
23
142
S.B.
15
7
4
17
9
9
5
17
82
High
12
4
7
7
5
3
2
15
55
H.S
25
3
3
4
4
5
4
4
52
Total
76
30
25
46
20
47
28
59
331
Source: - Education (School) Department, Tripura.

  

The Tripura Board of Secondary Education (TBSE) conducts examination both at secondary  and higher secondary levels on regularbasis.

 

In 2015-16, the result of these examination is presented in the following Table.

 

Examination
Regular
Overall
Appeared
Passed
%
Appeared
Passed
%
Madhyamik
32741
21656
66.14
45535
25216
55.38
Madrassa Madhyamik Madhyamik
36
27
75
38
28
73.68
H.S. (+2 stage)
21141
15878
75.11
25240
17796
70.51
Madrassa Fazil(+2 stage) Arts 11 11 100 12 11 91.67
Madrassa Fazil(+2 stage) Theology
11 11 100 11 11 100
Source: Education (School) Department, Trip

    

  Higher Education:                                                                    
The history of Higher Education in the State started with establishment of Maharaja Bir Bikram    College in 1947. Subsequently, 22 general Degree colleges as well as one Institute of Advanced Studies in Education, one Govt. College of Art & Crafts, one Govt. Law College, one Govt. Museum, one State Archives and 24 (Twenty four) Public Libraries have been set up in the State with public funding.
The Department of Education (Higher) is entrusted with provision of higher and technical education in the state and development of human resources and taking necessary measures for transforming the society into an ideal knowledge based society, stepping up our capabilities and capacities in various fields of Higher Education in terms of quantitative enrichment of trained manpower in our    state.

Notwithstanding constraint of resources, high priority is being attached for development of education in the State. Universalization of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme has been taken up for providing preschool education facility to each and every child in the 3-6 years age group through the network of Anganwadi Centers in the State.
 

This is followed by the Sarve Sikhsha Abhiyan (SSA), for universalizing provision of school education upto Class-VIII to all students. As a result, enrolment in Class-VI increased from 67,489 in 2000 to 77,702 in 2006. Bringing the left out students, checking dropout along with posting of trained teachers in adequate strength, introduction of science and mathematics streams, accountability of teachers etc have been taken up for improving both quality and quantity of school education. As a consequence, the demand for higher education is growing at a steady rate.

The State Directorate of Higher Education is entrusted with the task of providing opportunities to the students of the state for pursuing higher studies ranging from general education to technical education also for promotion for Art & Culture in the State.

 


 Medical Education: Tripura is one of the smallest state in the country located at Northeast India , covers 10,491 square   km. and bordered by Bangladesh to the North, South, and West.

In 15 October, 1949, the princely state merged with the Indian Union. Initially, a part 'C' state, it became a Union territory with the reorganization of states in 1956. In 1972, Tripura attained the status of a full-fledged state.

Tripura comes second next to Assam in-respect of population and population density among the North Eastern States of India. As per 2011 census the state population is 36,73,917 with 18,74,376 males and 17,99,541 females, constituting 0.3% of the country's population. Approximately 30% of the state population belongs to scheduled tribes.

The sex ratio of the state is 960 females per thousand males, higher than the national ratio 940. The density of population is 350 persons per square kilometer. Tripura has achieved the first position in literacy with 94.65 percent which is much higher than the national average 74.04 percent.

Tripura lies in a geographically disadvantageous location in India, as only one major highway, the National Highway 44, connects it with the rest of the country.

The health care infrastructure is divided into three tiers ‐ the primary health care network, a secondary care system comprising district and sub-divisional hospitals and tertiary hospitals providing specialty and super specialty care. As on 2013‐14, there are 84 Primary Health Centers, 18 Community Health Centers, 13 Sub Divisional Hospitals, 3 District Hospitals, 6 State Hospitals. As per SRS 2012, the state's performance in major public health care indices, such as Birth Rate (13.9) , Infant Mortality Rate (28) and Total Fertility Rate (1.7) is better than the National Average.

Directorate of Medical Education:
About Department and Directorate

With a view to separate the medical education chapter from the Directorate of Health Services, this directorate was bifurcated and a new directorate namely Directorate of Medical Education was set up. This new Directorate (Directorate of Medical Education) started functioning w.e.f. 15.10.2011 and is accommodated in the 2nd floor of Tripura State AIDS Control Society building located opposite to IGM Hospital (old gate). This directorate will however, shift soon to the 2nd floor of Dr.P.B. Das Memorial Diagnostic Center at Bidur Karta Chowmohani, Agartala.

Who is Who
Prof. Basudev Bhattacharya is the Director of Medical Education and Dr. J.K. Dev Varma is the OSD, Directorate of Medical Education.

Organizational Setup
This new directorate is under the administrative control of the Health & Family Welfare Department, Government of Tripura headed by the Secretary to the Govt. of Tripura, Health & Family Welfare Department.Prof. Basudev Bhattacharya is the Director and head of this Directorate. Dr. J.K. Dev Varma, Addl. Director of Health Services has been deputed to this Directorate and functions as OSD.There are a few Medical and Para-Medical Institutions both in public sector and private section in the State, of which are under supervision of this Directorate. .

List of Medical & Para-medical Institutions (in public sector and private sector) :
Medical Colleges

Agartala Govt. Medical College with GBP Hospital as its teaching Hospital, Agartala (Government Institution). Tripura Medical College with Dr. BRAM Hospital as its teaching Hospital, Hapania, West Tripura (Run by a Society). .

Pharmacy Institute
There is only 1 (one) Pharmacy Institute in the name Regional Institute of Pharmaceutical Science Technology (RIPSAT), Abhoynagar, Agartala imparting both Diploma & Degree courses. (Government Institution).

Para-Medical Institute

At Hapania under West Tripura a PPP model Para-medical Institute by the name of “Tripura Institute of Para-Medical Sciences was establish a few years back and is imparting para-medical and Nursing courses there. 35% of the available seats in each course is reserved for the State Govt (PPL Model Institute).

Nursing College

Tripura College of Nursing, located in the Tripura Medical College complex at Hapania under which the Tripura is imparting B.Sc. Nursing course (Run by the same society under which the Tripura Medical College is running). The Institute of Nursing Science at Durjoynagar is imparting Post Basis B.Sc (Nursing) and B.Sc Nursing course also, apart from GNM course (Private Institution).

Nurses Training Institute is imparting GNM Course to female students only, located at IGM Hospital complex, Agartala (Government Institute).

Dr. BRAM Nursing School is also imparting GNM course for male students only, which is house near IGM Hospital in the old Music College building (Government Institute).

The ILS Nursing Institute is imparting GNM Course to both male and female students (Private Institute).

Tripureswari School of Nursing under West Tripura District is imparting GNM course (Private Institute).


ANM Schools

ANM School for female candidates at T.S.Hospital complex, Udaipur imparting.

ANM course (Government Institute) ent Institute)

ANM School for female candidates at RGM Hospital complex, Kailasahar imparting ANM course (Government Institute).

MPW Training Institute

There is only 1 (one) MPW training Institute for male Candidates located in the CMO (West) office complex.

Technical Education :

 

Technical Education
Central Government Colleges National Institute of Technology ( NIT ), AGARTALA.

 

State Government
  1. Tripura Institute Of Technology ( Tit ), Narsingarh.
  2. Women's Polytechnic, Hapania.
  3. Dhalai District Polytechnic, Ambassa.
  4. Gomati District Polytechnic College, Fulkumari.
  5. North Tripura District Polytechnic, Dharmanagar.
Private Colleges
  1. ICFAI University Tripura
  2. Techno India College, Tripura