The Education has been acknowledged as one of the key inputs for balanced
socio-economic development. It opens-up opportunities leading to both
individual and society. It is the most important crucial input for
empowering people with skills and knowledge. It also gives access to provide
gainful employment and economic development.
The State Government has been attached highest priority to education since
it attained the statehood in 1972. The State has been spending 12-14 percent
of its annual budget for school education sub-sector.
The "Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act,2009" has come
into effect from April 2010 to provide free and compulsory education to
children in the age group of 6-14 years in a neighbourhood school.
Elementary education, consisting of primary (I-V) and upper primary or
middle (VI-VIII) is the main basis of education, which is successfully
covered under "Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan" and "Mid-day meal" schemes in the
State. The secondary (IX-X) education is covered through "Rashtriya
Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan" and higher secondary education (XI-XII) is also
witnessed a phenomenal expansion in the State.
The connection between universalisation of elementary education and human
development is one of the most widely acknowledged issues in public
discourse across the globe. That elementary education plays a pivotal role
in reducing social inequalities by expanding human capabilities has been
clearly established. Discussions have been going on throughout the world
about the ways to universalize education and to deliver quality education in
an equitable manner. Yet, the gaps in educational opportunities and
achievements of students from certain class backgrounds, social identities,
gender and geographical locations have not decreased, rather, they have
risen. In fact, the very objective of reducing inequality through
educational expansion is defeated at its inception with the failure to
incorporate sections of society into the fold of education. In other words,
sections of the population are excluded from the educational arena, where
the basis of exclusion is determined by the social background they come from
- being members of particular social class and again by the gender
division within these categories. Sarva shiksha abhiyan is the biggest ever
flagship programme being implemented in the entire country with the
objective of universalizing elementary education (uee) by bringing all
children in the age group of 6-14 years under the ambit of primary
schooling, expanding schooling facility to all inaccessible un-served
habitations, creating new school infrastructure and renovating/ improving
infrastructure of existing schools. Ultimately, this time bound programme
aims at achieving the goal by providing education of satisfactory quality to
the children for improving their human capabilities adequately, so that they
may stand on their own and lead a successful life of prestige in the
practical world of hazards. In conformity with other states and union
territories of the country the programme was launched in the state in
Sarva shiksha abhiyan is the biggest ever flagship programme being
implemented in the entire country with the objective of universalizing
elementary education (uee) by bringing all children in the age group of 6-14
years under the ambit of primary schooling, expanding schooling facility to
all inaccessible un-served habitations, creating new school infrastructure
and renovating/ improving infrastructure of existing schools. Ultimately,
this time bound programme aims at achieving the goal by providing education
of satisfactory quality to the children for improving their human
capabilities adequately, so that they may stand on their own and lead a
successful life of prestige in the practical world of hazards. In conformity
with other states and union territories of the country the programme was
launched in the state in 2001‐02.
During the course of its implementation in our state, ssa has gone a long
way in bringing about a sea change in the educational profile of the state
by way of enrolling out-of-school children and retaining them in the
schooling system, effecting a sharp, tangible decline in drop-out rates,
increase in transition rate, bridging gender and social gaps, training and
motivating teachers to deliver education more effectively, involving
community people in the education system, and so on.
Education in Tripura has developed at a very fast pace since its formation on
21st January 1972. The beautiful small state of Tripura offers immense
opportunities for students from within and outside the region. As per the census
of 2001, literacy rate of Tripura is 73.66%. The Government of the state has
taken a number of steps to develop the educational set up of the region. A free
and compulsory education policy was introduced by the government that caters
free education to the students who fall in the age group of 6 to 14 years of
age. The education system of Tripura can be divided into four stages, they are
the primary stage which comprises of Classes I-V, the middle stage consisting of
Classes VI-VIII and the secondary stage comprising of Classes IX-X. Classes XI
and XII are the higher secondary stage of education. Tripura education
department was established with the aim of enhancing the academic scenario of
the state. It looks after the education system at various levels in Tripura.
Later, the department of education was further divided into three sections
namely Education (school), Social welfare and Social Education Department and
Education (higher). The state government is making every effort for spreading
education even to the grass root level. The compulsory and fre e education
scheme launched by the government provides education to the students within six
to fourteen years of age. Schooling system in Tripura is divided into four
stages namely primary stage, middle stage, secondary stage and higher secondary
stage. Different Kinds of Schools in Tripura Various government as well as
private schools operates in the state of Tripura. One can also come across
various religious institutions functioning here in this small state of India.
The schools in Tripura are either affiliated to the Tripura Board of Secondary
Education or Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Some of the schools
are also affiliated to the Council for The Indian School Certificate
Moving ahead to achieve the goals
The State's education system covering from pre-primary stage onwards including
adult literacy programmes has been making efforts towards fulfillment of the
commitment made by the State Government to achieve 100 percent literacy in
Tripura. To achieve the goal, the State Government launched time bound "Saakshar
Bharat Mission" in the Dhalai District in 2010-11 and special "Adult Literacy
Programme" in the remaining seven districts. A survey conducted in 2012 reveales
that there were about 1,31,634 illiterates in the age group of 15 and above in
the State. About 8,152 teaching-learning centres were opened covering both rural
and urban local bodies to cover these illiterates.
The Census-2011 data reveals that literacy rate of Tripura was 87.22 percent
and the State ranked fifth among the States/UTs at All India level. A recent
study conducted during August 2013 by the Indian Statistical Institution (ISI),
Kolkata indicates that literacy rate touched to 95.16 percent in the State. Now
the literacy rate in the state stood at 96.82 percent, which is highest in the
Major focus areas:
To sustain and push forward the progress and achievements os far made, the
School Education Department will focus its all-round efforts on realizing the
un-fullfilled targets and goals with emphasis on -
Enhancement of literacy rate to reach 100 percent.
More facilities to access elementary and secondary education.
Further reduction of gender-gap in enrollment, retention and completion of
More supports to students belonging to SC, ST, RM and OBC.
Removal of disparity at all level and ensure equliity.
Improvement of quality of education at all levels.
Extension of ICT to all secondary level schools in phases.
The status of school educational facilities in the State by existing eight
districts in 2015-16 is presented in the following Table:
|Type of school
|Source: - Education
(School) Department, Tripura.
The status of management and type-wise number of Madrassa in the State
during 2015-16 is presented in the following Table.
|Type of school
|Source: - Education
(School) Department, Tripura.
The following Table depicts the district and type-wise total no. of english
medium schools in Tripura 2015-16.
|Type of school
|Source: - Education
(School) Department, Tripura.
The Tripura Board of Secondary Education (TBSE) conducts examination both at
secondary and higher secondary levels on regularbasis.
In 2015-16, the result of these examination is presented in the following
| H.S. (+2 stage)
Fazil(+2 stage) Arts
Fazil(+2 stage) Theology
|Source: Education (School)
history of Higher Education in the State started with establishment of Maharaja
Bir Bikram College in 1947. Subsequently, 22 general Degree
colleges as well as one Institute of Advanced Studies in Education, one Govt.
College of Art & Crafts, one Govt. Law College, one Govt. Museum, one State
Archives and 24 (Twenty four) Public Libraries have been set up in the State
with public funding.
The Department of Education (Higher) is entrusted with provision of higher and
technical education in the state and development of human resources and taking
necessary measures for transforming the society into an ideal knowledge based
society, stepping up our capabilities and capacities in various fields of Higher
Education in terms of quantitative enrichment of trained manpower in our
Notwithstanding constraint of resources, high priority is being attached for
development of education in the State. Universalization of Integrated Child
Development Services (ICDS) programme has been taken up for providing preschool
education facility to each and every child in the 3-6 years age group through
the network of Anganwadi Centers in the State.
This is followed by the Sarve Sikhsha Abhiyan (SSA),
for universalizing provision of school education upto Class-VIII to all
students. As a result, enrolment in Class-VI increased from 67,489 in 2000 to
77,702 in 2006. Bringing the left out students, checking dropout along with
posting of trained teachers in adequate strength, introduction of science and
mathematics streams, accountability of teachers etc have been taken up for
improving both quality and quantity of school education. As a consequence, the
demand for higher education is growing at a steady rate.
The State Directorate of Higher Education is entrusted with the task of
providing opportunities to the students of the state for pursuing higher studies
ranging from general education to technical education also for promotion for Art
& Culture in the State.
Tripura is one of the smallest state in the country located at Northeast India ,
covers 10,491 square km. and bordered by Bangladesh to the North,
South, and West.
Directorate of Medical Education:
In 15 October, 1949, the princely state merged with the Indian Union. Initially,
a part 'C' state, it became a Union territory with the reorganization of states
in 1956. In 1972, Tripura attained the status of a full-fledged state.
Tripura comes second next to Assam in-respect of population and population
density among the North Eastern States of India. As per 2011 census the state
population is 36,73,917 with 18,74,376 males and 17,99,541 females, constituting
0.3% of the country's population. Approximately 30% of the state population
belongs to scheduled tribes.
The sex ratio of the state is 960 females per thousand males, higher than the
national ratio 940. The density of population is 350 persons per square
kilometer. Tripura has achieved the first position in literacy with 94.65
percent which is much higher than the national average 74.04 percent.
Tripura lies in a geographically disadvantageous location in India, as only one
major highway, the National Highway 44, connects it with the rest of the
The health care infrastructure is divided into three tiers ‐ the primary
health care network, a secondary care system comprising district and
sub-divisional hospitals and tertiary hospitals providing specialty and super
specialty care. As on 2013‐14, there are 84 Primary Health Centers, 18
Community Health Centers, 13 Sub Divisional Hospitals, 3 District Hospitals, 6
State Hospitals. As per SRS 2012, the state's performance in major public health
care indices, such as Birth Rate (13.9) , Infant Mortality Rate (28) and Total
Fertility Rate (1.7) is better than the National Average.
About Department and
With a view to separate the medical education chapter from the Directorate of
Health Services, this directorate was bifurcated and a new directorate namely
Directorate of Medical Education was set up. This new Directorate (Directorate
of Medical Education) started functioning w.e.f. 15.10.2011 and is accommodated
in the 2nd floor of Tripura State AIDS Control Society building located opposite
to IGM Hospital (old gate). This directorate will however, shift soon to the 2nd
floor of Dr.P.B. Das Memorial Diagnostic Center at Bidur Karta Chowmohani,
List of Medical & Para-medical Institutions (in public sector and private
Who is Who
Prof. Basudev Bhattacharya is the Director of Medical Education and Dr.
J.K. Dev Varma is the OSD, Directorate of Medical Education.
This new directorate is under the administrative control of the Health
& Family Welfare Department, Government of Tripura headed by the Secretary to
the Govt. of Tripura, Health & Family Welfare Department.Prof. Basudev
Bhattacharya is the Director and head of this Directorate. Dr. J.K. Dev Varma,
Addl. Director of Health Services has been deputed to this Directorate and
functions as OSD.There are a few Medical and Para-Medical Institutions both in
public sector and private section in the State, of which are under supervision
of this Directorate. .
Agartala Govt. Medical College with GBP Hospital as its teaching Hospital,
Agartala (Government Institution). Tripura Medical College with Dr. BRAM
Hospital as its teaching Hospital, Hapania, West Tripura (Run by a Society). .
There is only 1 (one) Pharmacy Institute in the name Regional Institute
of Pharmaceutical Science Technology (RIPSAT), Abhoynagar, Agartala imparting
both Diploma & Degree courses. (Government Institution).
At Hapania under West Tripura a PPP model Para-medical Institute by the name of
â€œTripura Institute of Para-Medical Sciences was establish a few years back and
is imparting para-medical and Nursing courses there. 35% of the available seats
in each course is reserved for the State Govt (PPL Model Institute).
Tripura College of Nursing, located in the Tripura Medical College complex at
Hapania under which the Tripura is imparting B.Sc. Nursing course (Run by the
same society under which the Tripura Medical College is running). The Institute
of Nursing Science at Durjoynagar is imparting Post Basis B.Sc (Nursing) and
B.Sc Nursing course also, apart from GNM course (Private Institution).
Nurses Training Institute is imparting GNM Course to female students only,
located at IGM Hospital complex, Agartala (Government Institute).
Dr. BRAM Nursing School is also imparting GNM course for male students only,
which is house near IGM Hospital in the old Music College building (Government
The ILS Nursing Institute is imparting GNM Course to both male and female
students (Private Institute).
Tripureswari School of Nursing under West Tripura District is imparting GNM
course (Private Institute).
ANM School for female candidates at T.S.Hospital complex, Udaipur imparting.
ANM course (Government Institute) ent Institute)
ANM School for female candidates at RGM Hospital complex, Kailasahar imparting
ANM course (Government Institute).
MPW Training Institute
There is only 1 (one) MPW training Institute for male Candidates located in the
CMO (West) office complex.
|Central Government Colleges
||National Institute of Technology ( NIT ), AGARTALA.
- Tripura Institute Of Technology ( Tit ), Narsingarh.
- Women's Polytechnic, Hapania.
- Dhalai District Polytechnic, Ambassa.
- Gomati District Polytechnic College, Fulkumari.
- North Tripura District Polytechnic, Dharmanagar.
- ICFAI University Tripura
- Techno India College, Tripura