TRIPURAINFO

Animal Resources


Introduction

The State Animal Resources Development Department has been implementing various socio-economic programmes to create gainful employment opportunities in the rural areas through various developmental schemes with the following objectives-

1.To provide health coverage to all the livestock and poultry of any breed in respect of contagious and non-contagious diseases.

2.To improve livestock generating production viz; Milk, Egg and Meat as well as to improve socio-economic status of the farmers and enhance contribution to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP).

To achieve the goal, the State Animal Resources Development Department has been providing animal health care services and breed improvement facilities till 2014-15  through 16 -Veterinary Hospitals, 60 - Dispensaries, 11 - Artificial Insemination Centres, 2 - ICDP Centre, 4 - Frozen Semen Banks, 428 - Veterinary Sub-Centres, 4 -Veterinary Medicine Stores, 4 -Disease Investigation Laboratories, 5- Hatcheries, 4 -Poultry Breeding Farms, 10 - Pig breeding Farms, 2 - Goat breeding Farms, 2 - Duck Farms, 1 - Cattle Farm, 2 - Rabbit Farms and 7 - Fodder Multiplication Farms etc.

Animal husbandry, poultry and piggery provide tremendous opportunities for poor and rural economy of the State and also supports small and marginal farmers both economically and nutritionally. It also plays an important role in employment generation and augmentation of rural income. Despite many constraints, Tripura has made significant progress in the development of animal resources, particularly in egg and meat production.
The increased emphasis has resulted in the growth of animal and bird population and economic value of animal wealth and its products over the year. The estimated livestock population and its unit cost  during 2014-15 is as under:

Sl.No.
Estimated livestock population, 2014 -15
CB (Male)
Estimated -2014-15
Unit cost (in Rs.)
a.
Adult
15655
21,000
b.
Young
19112
12,000
 
CB (Female)
 
 
c.
Adult
57200
32,000
d.
Young
48601
23,000
 
Total (a+b+c+d)
140568
 
 
ND (Male)
 
 
e.
Adult
219111
15,000
f.
Young
104146
8,000
 
ND (Female)
 
 
g.
Adult
303924
20,000
h.
Young
225761
15,000
 
Total (e+f+g+h)
852942
 
 
Buffalo (Male)
 
 
i.
Adult
2894
15,000
j.
Young
1487
9,000
 
Buffalo (Female)
 
 
k.
Adult
4089
30000
l.
Young
2559
1500
 
Total (i+j+k+l)
11029
 
m.
Pig (CB + ND)
395162
8,000
n.
Sheep
3255
1,500
o.
Goat
665905
1,500
p.
Poultry (Fowl)
4326483
200
q.
Duck
965264
200
Livestock Asset Value
 
 

The following Table depicts the major livestock sector produces in the State during 2014-15.

Sl.No
Item
Quantity
1.
Milk ,in Mt.
141430.67
2.
Meat(chevon) ,in Mt.
1550.61
3.
Meat Pig ,in Mt.
10747.65
4.
Meat( broiler),in Mt.
20063.29
5.
Meat(deshi fowl & duck),in Mt.
2397.39
6.
Eggs(Hen), in Nos.
153143774
7.
Eggs(Duck), in Nos.
44804942
8.
Skin(sheep & goat), in Nos.
384142

Developement Assistence


Cattle and buffalo development

The main objective of this scheme is to augment milk production of the state through introduction of improved germplasm into the indigenous genetic pool of cattle by means of artificial insemination with frozen semen technology. The ultimate target group of this scheme is all the breedable cattle of the state.

SL.NO
Particulars.
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
01.
Animal castrated.
11,832
12,102
11,139
9010
10,324
10,157
02.
Artificial insemination
1,05,568
1,19,652
1,25,280
128749
1,43,692
1,54,780
03.
Calf born (Nos)
37,199
44,199
48,146
47413
53,235
59,734


Poultry development

The primary objective of the scheme is to augment poultry/duck egg and meat production, including broiler meat to make the State self sufficient. The Department maintains poultry and duck breeding farms for production and supply of quality chicks and ducklings of LIT variety. The major obstacle of poultry industry in Tripura is the cost of poultry feed. This scheme entails scope of huge employment generation for the youths of both urban and rural masses and especially to the weaker and  women sections of the State. Therefore this is a high priority scheme of the State.

SL.No
Particulars.
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
i)
Production of hen’s  egg (nos)
5,50,685
8,42,138
3,94,438
69645
879705
11,26,281
ii)
Production of  chicks(nos)
1,46,599
3,89,639
1,75,650
31455
317005
4,51,883
iii)
Distribution of  chicks(nos)
1,35,027
3,85,503
1,70,687
187221
306687
4,23,468
iv)
Production of K.C. duck eggs
3,68,944
2,52,669
10,099
50209
117659
123381
v)
Production of  vigova super M egg (nos )
52,323
61,354
30,414
6921
2930
3165
vi)
Production of  white pekin eggs (nos )
Not in stock
Not in stock
Not in stock
Not in stock
Not in stock
9202
vii)
Production of  K.C. duckling (nos)
59,311
57,239
735
10850
17241
22,719
viii)
Production of  vigova super – M duckling
7,209
4,580
755
52
29
0
ix)
Production of  white pekin duckling
0
0
0
0
0
945
x)
Distribution of  duckling (nos)
K.C.
46151
28883
270
3183
11671
15893
Vigova super – M
6756
1792
0
0
0
0
White pekin
0
0
0
0
0
157


Goat development

The basic objective of the scheme is to preserve and upgrade the unique character of black bengal goat of the state through selective breeding and scientific management. It is also planned to promote goat rearing by the forest dwellers through beneficiary oriented scheme.

SL.NO
Particulars.
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
i)
Production of  kids (nos) (goat)
222
253
172
168
133
171


Piggery development

Pig rearing is now the most popular economic activity in the state under animal husbandary sector. Now it is the endeavor of the State to make the sector economically more viable through enhancing the productivity and value addition for ensuring sustainability.  It is also planned to promote pig rearing by the forest dwellers through beneficiary oriented scheme.

SL.NO
Particulars.
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
i)
Production of piglets ( in nos)
4661
4430
4722
4169
4721
4281
4870
ii)
Distribution of piglets (in nos)
3403
3820
3727
3283
3429
3250
3898


Other livestock development

The objective of the scheme is to popularize rabbit rearing in rural areas for production of non-conventional meat of rabbit as an alternative source for less cholesterol containing meat.

SL.NO
Particulars.
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
i)
Production of milk from R.K. Nagar F.C. (Kg)
63,264
60,839
65,508
92,008
1,15,111
1,07,033
ii)
Production of rabbit kid (nos)
3,496
2,321
1,184
1541
840
3,496


Assistance to Co-operative Societies

The main target of the scheme is to re-vitalize milk cooperative sectors for processing and distribution of milk and also to make proper arrangement towards proper milk marketing system with a view to assure fetching justified remuneration on selling of milk by the actual producers.
The following were the achievement of GCMPUL in 2014-15.

Diary development

SL.No. Name of the Item Unit Achievement 2013-14
1.
Procurement of Milk from:-
i) Milk Producers Co-Op. Societies
Kg
1575345
ii) Government Farm
Kg
921992   
2.
Marketing of milk:
Lts.
3816446
3.
Ghee sold
Kg
1297.
4.
Paneer sold
Kg
12240
5.
Ice cream sold
Lts.
1888
6.
Misty-dui sold
Kg   
17301
7.
New society organized
Nos.
4
8.
MPCS function
Nos.
9
9.
Farmers members
Nos.
5867


Veterinary Impact of PerspecTtive Plan


Impact of perspective plan of animal husbandry on meat, egg & milk

The per capita  availability of meat which has increased during 2002-03 to 2014-15 from 2.26 to 9.08 Kg/year.  In respect of egg and milk which were grown over in the same period from 31 to  52 nos./year  and 67.51 to 101.03 grams/day, respectively. 

Year
Meat(Kg/year)
Egg (Nos./year)
Milk(Gm/Day)
2001-02 i.e. Before 10thPlan (Also before the onset of Perspective Plan)
2.26
30
67.93
10th Plan period
2002-03
2.31
31
67.51
2003-04
2.54
31
68.59
2004-05
2.66
32
69.89
2005-06
3.57
33
70.03
2006-07
3.65
35
70.30
11th Plan period
2007-08
4.01
38
71.23
2008-09
5.38
39
73.41
2009-10
5.82
40
76.08
2010-11
6.38
43
78.53
2011-12
6.81
45
82.32
12th Plan period
2012-13
8.53
42
86.82
2013-14
8.77
47
94.01
2014-15
9.08
52
101.03


Aapproach has been taken in 12th five year planto ensure food security inclusive of animal origin food for sustainable up-liftment of rural economy by creation of avenues for generation of self employment and additional incomeand to bridge the gap between supply and demand ofanimal origin food through augmentation of production and productivity of livestock and birds,  
Accordingly, year wise Target of 12th Plan for the period - 2012-13 to 2016-17, has been fixed, based on the reality.

Veterinary services and animal health

This is a priority scheme of the department. Veterinary services are rendered through a network of veterinary hospitals, veterinary dispensaries, veterinary sub-centres, Disease Investigation Laboratories and also by organizing animal health cfamps throughout the state. Under this scheme, department also undertakes opening of new centers/ veterinary dispensary repairing, remodeling, extension and up taking of new constructions for field level veterinary institutions with a view to maintain proper working condition and standard for optimisation of hygienic production of milk, meat and egg. Another important task undertaken under this scheme is works related with control of zoonoses including maintenance of Rapid Response Team (RRT) especially after emergence of ‘bird flu’ in the country. Any lapse in such work may endanger survivability of both animal and human species.

SL.NO
Particulars.
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
01.
Animal Health Coverage (Animal + per 100 birds is considered as on treatment)
5,04,316
5,65,943
5,88,732
571079
638180
644847
02.
Vaccination other than  F.M.D. ( Nos )
33,93,819
91,52,095
50,41,435
5032104
6140788
5915491
03.
Vaccination  against F.M.D. (Nos )
4,24,012
6,60,939
6,12,679
714015
554228
561628



MEAT, EGG & MILK SECTOR


Milk sector

1. Increasing the number of cross bred population through intensification of Artificial Insemination (AI).

2. Setting up of credit linked dairy demonstration unit.

3. Organization of awareness camp.

4. Mass de-worming and supply of mineral mixture.

5. Popularization of castration.

6. Incentivizing “Door Step AI Workers”.

7. Conducting Milk yield competitions and calf rally.

8. Supply of calf growth meal (CGM).

9. Fertility camp for improving conception rate.

10. Training of private AI workers and provision of logistic support.

11. Supply of breeding bulls (Indian dairy breed/cross bred) in ADC area for coverage through natural service.

12. Induction of high yielding variety of milch cattle from out side state.

13. Development of perennial fodder blocks including FRA through convergence of fund under MGNREGA.

14. Cultivation of Azolla as animal feed supplement through convergence with MGNREGA.

15. Capacity building of farmers on managerial aspect of milch cattle.

16. Development of pasture land through convergence of fund under MGNREGA.

17. Growing of fodder crops (oat, signal & stylo) in agricultural plots during intercropping period after amon paddy.

Egg Sector

1. Establishment of Block Level Brooder Houses (BLBHs) and satellite hatcheries.

2. Massive promotion of back yard poultry including patta-holders under FRA.

Meat Sector

1. Setting up of beneficiary oriented piggery demonstration unit for multiplication including FRA.

2. Setting up of beneficiary oriented pig breeding unit for patta holders under FRA.

3. Tuber (Tapioca) cultivation through convergence of fund under MGREGA in FRA and other areas.

4.Improving productivity of goats under conventional small holder/pastoral system.