i) Handloom weaving by traditional commercial weavers:
The tribal women weave their fabrics for domestic or ritual purpose. This State Directorate of Handloom, Handicrafts and Sericulture has taken efforts to bring the weavers for commercial weaving so that they can generate some income to increase their livelihood. The Government has extended various supports and provides backward - forward linkages to the weavers by State Plan Schemes and Centrally Sponsored Project/Schemes for upliftment of socioeconomic condition of weavers' community. And due to the implementation of the Schemes/ Projects, now some of the Tribal women weavers also weaving handloom fabrics on commercial basis and earning through the activity. The main products produced by the tribal women weavers are rignai (pachra), risa, ladies scarf, naga types of shawl, dress materials, gamcha etc.
This Scheme is introduced by the Development Commissioner for Handlooms, Government of India during 11th plan period. This scheme is unique for overall Development of Handloom Industries. This Scheme provides training with modernize Handloom, looms accessories, work shed, Margin money for raising working capital etc. This scheme is under implementation in 24 Handloom Clusters. Altogether 1200 weavers were trained and provided looms accessories and margin money. Third phase of implementation will be started shortly.
Tripura is enclosed with rich and diverse bamboo resources. Bamboo has been
traditionally used in Tripura for various domestic purposes as well as
commercial use like marketing of bamboo mats, agarbati sticks, handicrafts etc.
Cane and bamboo handicrafts of Tripura are considered to be among the best in
the country for their exquisite designs, wide range of products and artistic
appeal. The handicrafts have also been exported to some countries.
Setting up of an URBAN HAAT at Agartala:
The State Govervnement has set up an Urban Haat in the heart of Agartala City, with the aim of providing a platform for regeneration of local handicrafts products and to create an urban recreation hub. This will provide an attractive platform to local artisans for selling their products. The total project cost is estimated Rs. 3.84 crores.
Sericulture in Tripura comes under the Department of Handloom, Handicrafts &
Sericulture (DHHS) and controlled by the Principal Secretary, Industries &
Commerce (HHS), Govt. of Tripura, Agartala at the top. The Director, HHS being
the Head of the Department is monitoring the Head Quarter, District Offices and
Sericulture Clusters. At the base, it is run by Primary Co-operative societies (MRCS)
which is taking active participation for development of sericulture. In the
society, farmers representations is must and one of the official from Department
act as Managing Director. The Apex Body of the society (BOD) takes all the
decisions for development of the schemes which is being implemented by the
Managing Director. The Managing Director implements the scheme with the help of
the Cluster-in-charge and other field functionaries. Thus, the Managing Director
maintaining forward and backward linkages between offices as well as to the
Catalytic Development Programme (CDP) is the main Central Sector Scheme being implemented through the Central silk Board. Under the Scheme, assistance is provided for entire range of activities from Mulberry plantation to cocoon production and post-cocoon activities.
During 2013-14, an assistance of Rs.474.93 lakhs was received under CDP, of which Rs.834.16 lakhs has been utilized. Remaining fund would be utilized very soon.
The state schemes are meant to supplement the efforts being made under the central schemes. The total budget provision for the state plan was
Rs.42.50 lakh in 2015-16 and out of which Rs. 37.57 lakh was received and expenditure incurred Rs. 37.57 lakh.The fund mainly utilised for providing support to societies for purchase of planting materials, pest protection components, organizing awareness programmes, infrastructure support to clusters, reeling, grainage, purchase of machineries and equipments, sericulture training institute, power-looms and development of sericulture in the TTAADC area.
Income of sericultureâ€™s by selling of cocoons:
The cocoon production of the State for the year 2015-16 was 52.30 MT.
Production of silk sarees and marketing:
The entire raw silk of the State is being utilised for production of silk fabrics through
five handloom clusters and two powerloom units. During 2015-16, raw silk production
stood at 6.12 MT.
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